aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/hostapd/hlr_auc_gw.c
blob: 1c1dd1fd2e922828acdc7291af1139c55e74b920 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
/*
 * HLR/AuC testing gateway for hostapd EAP-SIM/AKA database/authenticator
 * Copyright (c) 2005-2007, 2012-2013, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
 *
 * This software may be distributed under the terms of the BSD license.
 * See README for more details.
 *
 * This is an example implementation of the EAP-SIM/AKA database/authentication
 * gateway interface to HLR/AuC. It is expected to be replaced with an
 * implementation of SS7 gateway to GSM/UMTS authentication center (HLR/AuC) or
 * a local implementation of SIM triplet and AKA authentication data generator.
 *
 * hostapd will send SIM/AKA authentication queries over a UNIX domain socket
 * to and external program, e.g., this hlr_auc_gw. This interface uses simple
 * text-based format:
 *
 * EAP-SIM / GSM triplet query/response:
 * SIM-REQ-AUTH <IMSI> <max_chal>
 * SIM-RESP-AUTH <IMSI> Kc1:SRES1:RAND1 Kc2:SRES2:RAND2 [Kc3:SRES3:RAND3]
 * SIM-RESP-AUTH <IMSI> FAILURE
 * GSM-AUTH-REQ <IMSI> RAND1:RAND2[:RAND3]
 * GSM-AUTH-RESP <IMSI> Kc1:SRES1:Kc2:SRES2[:Kc3:SRES3]
 * GSM-AUTH-RESP <IMSI> FAILURE
 *
 * EAP-AKA / UMTS query/response:
 * AKA-REQ-AUTH <IMSI>
 * AKA-RESP-AUTH <IMSI> <RAND> <AUTN> <IK> <CK> <RES>
 * AKA-RESP-AUTH <IMSI> FAILURE
 *
 * EAP-AKA / UMTS AUTS (re-synchronization):
 * AKA-AUTS <IMSI> <AUTS> <RAND>
 *
 * IMSI and max_chal are sent as an ASCII string,
 * Kc/SRES/RAND/AUTN/IK/CK/RES/AUTS as hex strings.
 *
 * An example implementation here reads GSM authentication triplets from a
 * text file in IMSI:Kc:SRES:RAND format, IMSI in ASCII, other fields as hex
 * strings. This is used to simulate an HLR/AuC. As such, it is not very useful
 * for real life authentication, but it is useful both as an example
 * implementation and for EAP-SIM/AKA/AKA' testing.
 *
 * For a stronger example design, Milenage and GSM-Milenage algorithms can be
 * used to dynamically generate authenticatipn information for EAP-AKA/AKA' and
 * EAP-SIM, respectively, if Ki is known.
 *
 * SQN generation follows the not time-based Profile 2 described in
 * 3GPP TS 33.102 Annex C.3.2. The length of IND is 5 bits by default, but this
 * can be changed with a command line options if needed.
 */

#include "includes.h"
#include <sys/un.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
#include <sqlite3.h>
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */

#include "common.h"
#include "crypto/milenage.h"
#include "crypto/random.h"

static const char *default_socket_path = "/tmp/hlr_auc_gw.sock";
static const char *socket_path;
static int serv_sock = -1;
static char *milenage_file = NULL;
static int update_milenage = 0;
static int sqn_changes = 0;
static int ind_len = 5;
static int stdout_debug = 1;

/* GSM triplets */
struct gsm_triplet {
	struct gsm_triplet *next;
	char imsi[20];
	u8 kc[8];
	u8 sres[4];
	u8 _rand[16];
};

static struct gsm_triplet *gsm_db = NULL, *gsm_db_pos = NULL;

/* OPc and AMF parameters for Milenage (Example algorithms for AKA). */
struct milenage_parameters {
	struct milenage_parameters *next;
	char imsi[20];
	u8 ki[16];
	u8 opc[16];
	u8 amf[2];
	u8 sqn[6];
	int set;
	size_t res_len;
};

static struct milenage_parameters *milenage_db = NULL;

#define EAP_SIM_MAX_CHAL 3

#define EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN 16
#define EAP_AKA_AUTN_LEN 16
#define EAP_AKA_AUTS_LEN 14
#define EAP_AKA_RES_MIN_LEN 4
#define EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN 16
#define EAP_AKA_IK_LEN 16
#define EAP_AKA_CK_LEN 16


#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE

static sqlite3 *sqlite_db = NULL;
static struct milenage_parameters db_tmp_milenage;


static int db_table_exists(sqlite3 *db, const char *name)
{
	char cmd[128];
	os_snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), "SELECT 1 FROM %s;", name);
	return sqlite3_exec(db, cmd, NULL, NULL, NULL) == SQLITE_OK;
}


static int db_table_create_milenage(sqlite3 *db)
{
	char *err = NULL;
	const char *sql =
		"CREATE TABLE milenage("
		"  imsi INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,"
		"  ki CHAR(32) NOT NULL,"
		"  opc CHAR(32) NOT NULL,"
		"  amf CHAR(4) NOT NULL,"
		"  sqn CHAR(12) NOT NULL,"
		"  res_len INTEGER"
		");";

	printf("Adding database table for milenage information\n");
	if (sqlite3_exec(db, sql, NULL, NULL, &err) != SQLITE_OK) {
		printf("SQLite error: %s\n", err);
		sqlite3_free(err);
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}


static sqlite3 * db_open(const char *db_file)
{
	sqlite3 *db;

	if (sqlite3_open(db_file, &db)) {
		printf("Failed to open database %s: %s\n",
		       db_file, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
		sqlite3_close(db);
		return NULL;
	}

	if (!db_table_exists(db, "milenage") &&
	    db_table_create_milenage(db) < 0) {
		sqlite3_close(db);
		return NULL;
	}

	return db;
}


static int get_milenage_cb(void *ctx, int argc, char *argv[], char *col[])
{
	struct milenage_parameters *m = ctx;
	int i;

	m->set = 1;

	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
		if (os_strcmp(col[i], "ki") == 0 && argv[i] &&
		    hexstr2bin(argv[i], m->ki, sizeof(m->ki))) {
			printf("Invalid ki value in database\n");
			return -1;
		}

		if (os_strcmp(col[i], "opc") == 0 && argv[i] &&
		    hexstr2bin(argv[i], m->opc, sizeof(m->opc))) {
			printf("Invalid opcvalue in database\n");
			return -1;
		}

		if (os_strcmp(col[i], "amf") == 0 && argv[i] &&
		    hexstr2bin(argv[i], m->amf, sizeof(m->amf))) {
			printf("Invalid amf value in database\n");
			return -1;
		}

		if (os_strcmp(col[i], "sqn") == 0 && argv[i] &&
		    hexstr2bin(argv[i], m->sqn, sizeof(m->sqn))) {
			printf("Invalid sqn value in database\n");
			return -1;
		}

		if (os_strcmp(col[i], "res_len") == 0 && argv[i]) {
			m->res_len = atoi(argv[i]);
		}
	}

	return 0;
}


static struct milenage_parameters * db_get_milenage(const char *imsi_txt)
{
	char cmd[128];
	unsigned long long imsi;

	os_memset(&db_tmp_milenage, 0, sizeof(db_tmp_milenage));
	imsi = atoll(imsi_txt);
	os_snprintf(db_tmp_milenage.imsi, sizeof(db_tmp_milenage.imsi),
		    "%llu", imsi);
	os_snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd),
		    "SELECT * FROM milenage WHERE imsi=%llu;", imsi);
	if (sqlite3_exec(sqlite_db, cmd, get_milenage_cb, &db_tmp_milenage,
			 NULL) != SQLITE_OK)
		return NULL;

	if (!db_tmp_milenage.set)
		return NULL;
	return &db_tmp_milenage;
}


static int db_update_milenage_sqn(struct milenage_parameters *m)
{
	char cmd[128], val[13], *pos;

	if (sqlite_db == NULL)
		return 0;

	pos = val;
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, sizeof(val), m->sqn, 6);
	*pos = '\0';
	os_snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd),
		    "UPDATE milenage SET sqn='%s' WHERE imsi=%s;",
		    val, m->imsi);
	if (sqlite3_exec(sqlite_db, cmd, NULL, NULL, NULL) != SQLITE_OK) {
		printf("Failed to update SQN in database for IMSI %s\n",
		       m->imsi);
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */


static int open_socket(const char *path)
{
	struct sockaddr_un addr;
	int s;

	s = socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
	if (s < 0) {
		perror("socket(PF_UNIX)");
		return -1;
	}

	memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
	addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
	os_strlcpy(addr.sun_path, path, sizeof(addr.sun_path));
	if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0) {
		perror("hlr-auc-gw: bind(PF_UNIX)");
		close(s);
		return -1;
	}

	return s;
}


static int read_gsm_triplets(const char *fname)
{
	FILE *f;
	char buf[200], *pos, *pos2;
	struct gsm_triplet *g = NULL;
	int line, ret = 0;

	if (fname == NULL)
		return -1;

	f = fopen(fname, "r");
	if (f == NULL) {
		printf("Could not open GSM tripler data file '%s'\n", fname);
		return -1;
	}

	line = 0;
	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f)) {
		line++;

		/* Parse IMSI:Kc:SRES:RAND */
		buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
		if (buf[0] == '#')
			continue;
		pos = buf;
		while (*pos != '\0' && *pos != '\n')
			pos++;
		if (*pos == '\n')
			*pos = '\0';
		pos = buf;
		if (*pos == '\0')
			continue;

		g = os_zalloc(sizeof(*g));
		if (g == NULL) {
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}

		/* IMSI */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ':');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid IMSI (%s)\n",
			       fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) >= sizeof(g->imsi)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Too long IMSI (%s)\n",
			       fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		os_strlcpy(g->imsi, pos, sizeof(g->imsi));
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* Kc */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ':');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid Kc (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 16 || hexstr2bin(pos, g->kc, 8)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid Kc (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* SRES */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ':');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid SRES (%s)\n", fname, line,
			       pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 8 || hexstr2bin(pos, g->sres, 4)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid SRES (%s)\n", fname, line,
			       pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* RAND */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ':');
		if (pos2)
			*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 32 || hexstr2bin(pos, g->_rand, 16)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid RAND (%s)\n", fname, line,
			       pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}

		g->next = gsm_db;
		gsm_db = g;
		g = NULL;
	}
	os_free(g);

	fclose(f);

	return ret;
}


static struct gsm_triplet * get_gsm_triplet(const char *imsi)
{
	struct gsm_triplet *g = gsm_db_pos;

	while (g) {
		if (strcmp(g->imsi, imsi) == 0) {
			gsm_db_pos = g->next;
			return g;
		}
		g = g->next;
	}

	g = gsm_db;
	while (g && g != gsm_db_pos) {
		if (strcmp(g->imsi, imsi) == 0) {
			gsm_db_pos = g->next;
			return g;
		}
		g = g->next;
	}

	return NULL;
}


static int read_milenage(const char *fname)
{
	FILE *f;
	char buf[200], *pos, *pos2;
	struct milenage_parameters *m = NULL;
	int line, ret = 0;

	if (fname == NULL)
		return -1;

	f = fopen(fname, "r");
	if (f == NULL) {
		printf("Could not open Milenage data file '%s'\n", fname);
		return -1;
	}

	line = 0;
	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f)) {
		line++;

		/* Parse IMSI Ki OPc AMF SQN [RES_len] */
		buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
		if (buf[0] == '#')
			continue;
		pos = buf;
		while (*pos != '\0' && *pos != '\n')
			pos++;
		if (*pos == '\n')
			*pos = '\0';
		pos = buf;
		if (*pos == '\0')
			continue;

		m = os_zalloc(sizeof(*m));
		if (m == NULL) {
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}

		/* IMSI */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ' ');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid IMSI (%s)\n",
			       fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) >= sizeof(m->imsi)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Too long IMSI (%s)\n",
			       fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		os_strlcpy(m->imsi, pos, sizeof(m->imsi));
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* Ki */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ' ');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid Ki (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 32 || hexstr2bin(pos, m->ki, 16)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid Ki (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* OPc */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ' ');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid OPc (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 32 || hexstr2bin(pos, m->opc, 16)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid OPc (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* AMF */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ' ');
		if (pos2 == NULL) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid AMF (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 4 || hexstr2bin(pos, m->amf, 2)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid AMF (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}
		pos = pos2 + 1;

		/* SQN */
		pos2 = strchr(pos, ' ');
		if (pos2)
			*pos2 = '\0';
		if (strlen(pos) != 12 || hexstr2bin(pos, m->sqn, 6)) {
			printf("%s:%d - Invalid SEQ (%s)\n", fname, line, pos);
			ret = -1;
			break;
		}

		if (pos2) {
			pos = pos2 + 1;
			m->res_len = atoi(pos);
			if (m->res_len &&
			    (m->res_len < EAP_AKA_RES_MIN_LEN ||
			     m->res_len > EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN)) {
				printf("%s:%d - Invalid RES_len (%s)\n",
				       fname, line, pos);
				ret = -1;
				break;
			}
		}

		m->next = milenage_db;
		milenage_db = m;
		m = NULL;
	}
	os_free(m);

	fclose(f);

	return ret;
}


static void update_milenage_file(const char *fname)
{
	FILE *f, *f2;
	char name[500], buf[500], *pos;
	char *end = buf + sizeof(buf);
	struct milenage_parameters *m;
	size_t imsi_len;

	f = fopen(fname, "r");
	if (f == NULL) {
		printf("Could not open Milenage data file '%s'\n", fname);
		return;
	}

	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s.new", fname);
	f2 = fopen(name, "w");
	if (f2 == NULL) {
		printf("Could not write Milenage data file '%s'\n", name);
		fclose(f);
		return;
	}

	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f)) {
		/* IMSI Ki OPc AMF SQN */
		buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';

		pos = strchr(buf, ' ');
		if (buf[0] == '#' || pos == NULL || pos - buf >= 20)
			goto no_update;

		imsi_len = pos - buf;

		for (m = milenage_db; m; m = m->next) {
			if (strncmp(buf, m->imsi, imsi_len) == 0 &&
			    m->imsi[imsi_len] == '\0')
				break;
		}

		if (!m)
			goto no_update;

		pos = buf;
		pos += snprintf(pos, end - pos, "%s ", m->imsi);
		pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, m->ki, 16);
		*pos++ = ' ';
		pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, m->opc, 16);
		*pos++ = ' ';
		pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, m->amf, 2);
		*pos++ = ' ';
		pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, m->sqn, 6);
		*pos++ = '\n';

	no_update:
		fprintf(f2, "%s", buf);
	}

	fclose(f2);
	fclose(f);

	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s.bak", fname);
	if (rename(fname, name) < 0) {
		perror("rename");
		return;
	}

	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s.new", fname);
	if (rename(name, fname) < 0) {
		perror("rename");
		return;
	}

}


static struct milenage_parameters * get_milenage(const char *imsi)
{
	struct milenage_parameters *m = milenage_db;

	while (m) {
		if (strcmp(m->imsi, imsi) == 0)
			break;
		m = m->next;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
	if (!m)
		m = db_get_milenage(imsi);
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */

	return m;
}


static int sim_req_auth(char *imsi, char *resp, size_t resp_len)
{
	int count, max_chal, ret;
	char *pos;
	char *rpos, *rend;
	struct milenage_parameters *m;
	struct gsm_triplet *g;

	resp[0] = '\0';

	pos = strchr(imsi, ' ');
	if (pos) {
		*pos++ = '\0';
		max_chal = atoi(pos);
		if (max_chal < 1 || max_chal > EAP_SIM_MAX_CHAL)
			max_chal = EAP_SIM_MAX_CHAL;
	} else
		max_chal = EAP_SIM_MAX_CHAL;

	rend = resp + resp_len;
	rpos = resp;
	ret = snprintf(rpos, rend - rpos, "SIM-RESP-AUTH %s", imsi);
	if (ret < 0 || ret >= rend - rpos)
		return -1;
	rpos += ret;

	m = get_milenage(imsi);
	if (m) {
		u8 _rand[16], sres[4], kc[8];
		for (count = 0; count < max_chal; count++) {
			if (random_get_bytes(_rand, 16) < 0)
				return -1;
			gsm_milenage(m->opc, m->ki, _rand, sres, kc);
			*rpos++ = ' ';
			rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, kc, 8);
			*rpos++ = ':';
			rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, sres, 4);
			*rpos++ = ':';
			rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, _rand, 16);
		}
		*rpos = '\0';
		return 0;
	}

	count = 0;
	while (count < max_chal && (g = get_gsm_triplet(imsi))) {
		if (strcmp(g->imsi, imsi) != 0)
			continue;

		if (rpos < rend)
			*rpos++ = ' ';
		rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, g->kc, 8);
		if (rpos < rend)
			*rpos++ = ':';
		rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, g->sres, 4);
		if (rpos < rend)
			*rpos++ = ':';
		rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, g->_rand, 16);
		count++;
	}

	if (count == 0) {
		printf("No GSM triplets found for %s\n", imsi);
		ret = snprintf(rpos, rend - rpos, " FAILURE");
		if (ret < 0 || ret >= rend - rpos)
			return -1;
		rpos += ret;
	}

	return 0;
}


static int gsm_auth_req(char *imsi, char *resp, size_t resp_len)
{
	int count, ret;
	char *pos, *rpos, *rend;
	struct milenage_parameters *m;

	resp[0] = '\0';

	pos = os_strchr(imsi, ' ');
	if (!pos)
		return -1;
	*pos++ = '\0';

	rend = resp + resp_len;
	rpos = resp;
	ret = os_snprintf(rpos, rend - rpos, "GSM-AUTH-RESP %s", imsi);
	if (os_snprintf_error(rend - rpos, ret))
		return -1;
	rpos += ret;

	m = get_milenage(imsi);
	if (m) {
		u8 _rand[16], sres[4], kc[8];
		for (count = 0; count < EAP_SIM_MAX_CHAL; count++) {
			if (hexstr2bin(pos, _rand, 16) != 0)
				return -1;
			gsm_milenage(m->opc, m->ki, _rand, sres, kc);
			*rpos++ = count == 0 ? ' ' : ':';
			rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, kc, 8);
			*rpos++ = ':';
			rpos += wpa_snprintf_hex(rpos, rend - rpos, sres, 4);
			pos += 16 * 2;
			if (*pos != ':')
				break;
			pos++;
		}
		*rpos = '\0';
		return 0;
	}

	printf("No GSM triplets found for %s\n", imsi);
	ret = os_snprintf(rpos, rend - rpos, " FAILURE");
	if (os_snprintf_error(rend - rpos, ret))
		return -1;
	rpos += ret;

	return 0;
}


static void inc_sqn(u8 *sqn)
{
	u64 val, seq, ind;

	/*
	 * SQN = SEQ | IND = SEQ1 | SEQ2 | IND
	 *
	 * The mechanism used here is not time-based, so SEQ2 is void and
	 * SQN = SEQ1 | IND. The length of IND is ind_len bits and the length
	 * of SEQ1 is 48 - ind_len bits.
	 */

	/* Increment both SEQ and IND by one */
	val = ((u64) WPA_GET_BE32(sqn) << 16) | ((u64) WPA_GET_BE16(sqn + 4));
	seq = (val >> ind_len) + 1;
	ind = (val + 1) & ((1 << ind_len) - 1);
	val = (seq << ind_len) | ind;
	WPA_PUT_BE32(sqn, val >> 16);
	WPA_PUT_BE16(sqn + 4, val & 0xffff);
}


static int aka_req_auth(char *imsi, char *resp, size_t resp_len)
{
	/* AKA-RESP-AUTH <IMSI> <RAND> <AUTN> <IK> <CK> <RES> */
	char *pos, *end;
	u8 _rand[EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN];
	u8 autn[EAP_AKA_AUTN_LEN];
	u8 ik[EAP_AKA_IK_LEN];
	u8 ck[EAP_AKA_CK_LEN];
	u8 res[EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN];
	size_t res_len;
	int ret;
	struct milenage_parameters *m;
	int failed = 0;

	m = get_milenage(imsi);
	if (m) {
		if (random_get_bytes(_rand, EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN) < 0)
			return -1;
		res_len = EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN;
		inc_sqn(m->sqn);
#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
		db_update_milenage_sqn(m);
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */
		sqn_changes = 1;
		if (stdout_debug) {
			printf("AKA: Milenage with SQN=%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
			       m->sqn[0], m->sqn[1], m->sqn[2],
			       m->sqn[3], m->sqn[4], m->sqn[5]);
		}
		milenage_generate(m->opc, m->amf, m->ki, m->sqn, _rand,
				  autn, ik, ck, res, &res_len);
		if (m->res_len >= EAP_AKA_RES_MIN_LEN &&
		    m->res_len <= EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN &&
		    m->res_len < res_len)
			res_len = m->res_len;
	} else {
		printf("Unknown IMSI: %s\n", imsi);
#ifdef AKA_USE_FIXED_TEST_VALUES
		printf("Using fixed test values for AKA\n");
		memset(_rand, '0', EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN);
		memset(autn, '1', EAP_AKA_AUTN_LEN);
		memset(ik, '3', EAP_AKA_IK_LEN);
		memset(ck, '4', EAP_AKA_CK_LEN);
		memset(res, '2', EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN);
		res_len = EAP_AKA_RES_MAX_LEN;
#else /* AKA_USE_FIXED_TEST_VALUES */
		failed = 1;
#endif /* AKA_USE_FIXED_TEST_VALUES */
	}

	pos = resp;
	end = resp + resp_len;
	ret = snprintf(pos, end - pos, "AKA-RESP-AUTH %s ", imsi);
	if (ret < 0 || ret >= end - pos)
		return -1;
	pos += ret;
	if (failed) {
		ret = snprintf(pos, end - pos, "FAILURE");
		if (ret < 0 || ret >= end - pos)
			return -1;
		pos += ret;
		return 0;
	}
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, _rand, EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN);
	*pos++ = ' ';
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, autn, EAP_AKA_AUTN_LEN);
	*pos++ = ' ';
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, ik, EAP_AKA_IK_LEN);
	*pos++ = ' ';
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, ck, EAP_AKA_CK_LEN);
	*pos++ = ' ';
	pos += wpa_snprintf_hex(pos, end - pos, res, res_len);

	return 0;
}


static int aka_auts(char *imsi, char *resp, size_t resp_len)
{
	char *auts, *__rand;
	u8 _auts[EAP_AKA_AUTS_LEN], _rand[EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN], sqn[6];
	struct milenage_parameters *m;

	resp[0] = '\0';

	/* AKA-AUTS <IMSI> <AUTS> <RAND> */

	auts = strchr(imsi, ' ');
	if (auts == NULL)
		return -1;
	*auts++ = '\0';

	__rand = strchr(auts, ' ');
	if (__rand == NULL)
		return -1;
	*__rand++ = '\0';

	if (stdout_debug) {
		printf("AKA-AUTS: IMSI=%s AUTS=%s RAND=%s\n",
		       imsi, auts, __rand);
	}
	if (hexstr2bin(auts, _auts, EAP_AKA_AUTS_LEN) ||
	    hexstr2bin(__rand, _rand, EAP_AKA_RAND_LEN)) {
		printf("Could not parse AUTS/RAND\n");
		return -1;
	}

	m = get_milenage(imsi);
	if (m == NULL) {
		printf("Unknown IMSI: %s\n", imsi);
		return -1;
	}

	if (milenage_auts(m->opc, m->ki, _rand, _auts, sqn)) {
		printf("AKA-AUTS: Incorrect MAC-S\n");
	} else {
		memcpy(m->sqn, sqn, 6);
		if (stdout_debug) {
			printf("AKA-AUTS: Re-synchronized: "
			       "SQN=%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
			       sqn[0], sqn[1], sqn[2], sqn[3], sqn[4], sqn[5]);
		}
#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
		db_update_milenage_sqn(m);
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */
		sqn_changes = 1;
	}

	return 0;
}


static int process_cmd(char *cmd, char *resp, size_t resp_len)
{
	if (os_strncmp(cmd, "SIM-REQ-AUTH ", 13) == 0)
		return sim_req_auth(cmd + 13, resp, resp_len);

	if (os_strncmp(cmd, "GSM-AUTH-REQ ", 13) == 0)
		return gsm_auth_req(cmd + 13, resp, resp_len);

	if (os_strncmp(cmd, "AKA-REQ-AUTH ", 13) == 0)
		return aka_req_auth(cmd + 13, resp, resp_len);

	if (os_strncmp(cmd, "AKA-AUTS ", 9) == 0)
		return aka_auts(cmd + 9, resp, resp_len);

	printf("Unknown request: %s\n", cmd);
	return -1;
}


static int process(int s)
{
	char buf[1000], resp[1000];
	struct sockaddr_un from;
	socklen_t fromlen;
	ssize_t res;

	fromlen = sizeof(from);
	res = recvfrom(s, buf, sizeof(buf), 0, (struct sockaddr *) &from,
		       &fromlen);
	if (res < 0) {
		perror("recvfrom");
		return -1;
	}

	if (res == 0)
		return 0;

	if ((size_t) res >= sizeof(buf))
		res = sizeof(buf) - 1;
	buf[res] = '\0';

	printf("Received: %s\n", buf);

	if (process_cmd(buf, resp, sizeof(resp)) < 0) {
		printf("Failed to process request\n");
		return -1;
	}

	if (resp[0] == '\0') {
		printf("No response\n");
		return 0;
	}

	printf("Send: %s\n", resp);

	if (sendto(s, resp, os_strlen(resp), 0, (struct sockaddr *) &from,
		   fromlen) < 0)
		perror("send");

	return 0;
}


static void cleanup(void)
{
	struct gsm_triplet *g, *gprev;
	struct milenage_parameters *m, *prev;

	if (update_milenage && milenage_file && sqn_changes)
		update_milenage_file(milenage_file);

	g = gsm_db;
	while (g) {
		gprev = g;
		g = g->next;
		os_free(gprev);
	}

	m = milenage_db;
	while (m) {
		prev = m;
		m = m->next;
		os_free(prev);
	}

	if (serv_sock >= 0)
		close(serv_sock);
	if (socket_path)
		unlink(socket_path);

#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
	if (sqlite_db) {
		sqlite3_close(sqlite_db);
		sqlite_db = NULL;
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */
}


static void handle_term(int sig)
{
	printf("Signal %d - terminate\n", sig);
	exit(0);
}


static void usage(void)
{
	printf("HLR/AuC testing gateway for hostapd EAP-SIM/AKA "
	       "database/authenticator\n"
	       "Copyright (c) 2005-2007, 2012-2013, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>\n"
	       "\n"
	       "usage:\n"
	       "hlr_auc_gw [-hu] [-s<socket path>] [-g<triplet file>] "
	       "[-m<milenage file>] \\\n"
	       "        [-D<DB file>] [-i<IND len in bits>] [command]\n"
	       "\n"
	       "options:\n"
	       "  -h = show this usage help\n"
	       "  -u = update SQN in Milenage file on exit\n"
	       "  -s<socket path> = path for UNIX domain socket\n"
	       "                    (default: %s)\n"
	       "  -g<triplet file> = path for GSM authentication triplets\n"
	       "  -m<milenage file> = path for Milenage keys\n"
	       "  -D<DB file> = path to SQLite database\n"
	       "  -i<IND len in bits> = IND length for SQN (default: 5)\n"
	       "\n"
	       "If the optional command argument, like "
	       "\"AKA-REQ-AUTH <IMSI>\" is used, a single\n"
	       "command is processed with response sent to stdout. Otherwise, "
	       "hlr_auc_gw opens\n"
	       "a control interface and processes commands sent through it "
	       "(e.g., by EAP server\n"
	       "in hostapd).\n",
	       default_socket_path);
}


int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int c;
	char *gsm_triplet_file = NULL;
	char *sqlite_db_file = NULL;
	int ret = 0;

	if (os_program_init())
		return -1;

	socket_path = default_socket_path;

	for (;;) {
		c = getopt(argc, argv, "D:g:hi:m:s:u");
		if (c < 0)
			break;
		switch (c) {
		case 'D':
#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
			sqlite_db_file = optarg;
			break;
#else /* CONFIG_SQLITE */
			printf("No SQLite support included in the build\n");
			return -1;
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */
		case 'g':
			gsm_triplet_file = optarg;
			break;
		case 'h':
			usage();
			return 0;
		case 'i':
			ind_len = atoi(optarg);
			if (ind_len < 0 || ind_len > 32) {
				printf("Invalid IND length\n");
				return -1;
			}
			break;
		case 'm':
			milenage_file = optarg;
			break;
		case 's':
			socket_path = optarg;
			break;
		case 'u':
			update_milenage = 1;
			break;
		default:
			usage();
			return -1;
		}
	}

	if (!gsm_triplet_file && !milenage_file && !sqlite_db_file) {
		usage();
		return -1;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
	if (sqlite_db_file && (sqlite_db = db_open(sqlite_db_file)) == NULL)
		return -1;
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */

	if (gsm_triplet_file && read_gsm_triplets(gsm_triplet_file) < 0)
		return -1;

	if (milenage_file && read_milenage(milenage_file) < 0)
		return -1;

	if (optind == argc) {
		serv_sock = open_socket(socket_path);
		if (serv_sock < 0)
			return -1;

		printf("Listening for requests on %s\n", socket_path);

		atexit(cleanup);
		signal(SIGTERM, handle_term);
		signal(SIGINT, handle_term);

		for (;;)
			process(serv_sock);
	} else {
		char buf[1000];
		socket_path = NULL;
		stdout_debug = 0;
		if (process_cmd(argv[optind], buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) {
			printf("FAIL\n");
			ret = -1;
		} else {
			printf("%s\n", buf);
		}
		cleanup();
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_SQLITE
	if (sqlite_db) {
		sqlite3_close(sqlite_db);
		sqlite_db = NULL;
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_SQLITE */

	os_program_deinit();

	return ret;
}