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wpa_supplicant and Wi-Fi P2P
============================

This document describes how the Wi-Fi P2P implementation in
wpa_supplicant can be configured and how an external component on the
client (e.g., management GUI) is used to enable WPS enrollment and
registrar registration.


Introduction to Wi-Fi P2P
-------------------------

TODO

More information about Wi-Fi P2P is available from Wi-Fi Alliance:
http://www.wi-fi.org/Wi-Fi_Direct.php


wpa_supplicant implementation
-----------------------------

TODO


wpa_supplicant configuration
----------------------------

Wi-Fi P2P is an optional component that needs to be enabled in the
wpa_supplicant build configuration (.config). Here is an example
configuration that includes Wi-Fi P2P support and Linux nl80211
-based driver interface:

CONFIG_DRIVER_NL80211=y
CONFIG_CTRL_IFACE=y
CONFIG_P2P=y
CONFIG_AP=y
CONFIG_WPS=y


In run-time configuration file (wpa_supplicant.conf), some parameters
for P2P may be set. In order to make the devices easier to recognize,
device_name and device_type should be specified. For example,
something like this should be included:

ctrl_interface=/var/run/wpa_supplicant
device_name=My P2P Device
device_type=1-0050F204-1


wpa_cli
-------

Actual Wi-Fi P2P operations are requested during runtime. These can be
done for example using wpa_cli (which is described below) or a GUI
like wpa_gui-qt4.


wpa_cli starts in interactive mode if no command string is included on
the command line. By default, it will select the first network interface
that it can find (and that wpa_supplicant controls). If more than one
interface is in use, it may be necessary to select one of the explicitly
by adding -i argument on the command line (e.g., 'wpa_cli -i wlan1').

Most of the P2P operations are done on the main interface (e.g., the
interface that is automatically added when the driver is loaded, e.g.,
wlan0). When using a separate virtual interface for group operations
(e.g., wlan1), the control interface for that group interface may need
to be used for some operations (mainly WPS activation in GO). This may
change in the future so that all the needed operations could be done
over the main control interface.

Device Discovery

p2p_find [timeout in seconds] [type=<social|progressive>] \
	[dev_id=<addr>] [dev_type=<device type>] \
	[delay=<search delay in ms>] [seek=<service name>] [freq=<MHz>]

The default behavior is to run a single full scan in the beginning and
then scan only social channels. type=social will scan only social
channels, i.e., it skips the initial full scan. type=progressive is
like the default behavior, but it will scan through all the channels
progressively one channel at the time in the Search state rounds. This
will help in finding new groups or groups missed during the initial
full scan. When the type parameter is not included (i.e., full scan), the
optional freq parameter can be used to override the first scan to use only
the specified channel after which only social channels are scanned.

The optional dev_id option can be used to specify a single P2P peer to
search for. The optional delay parameter can be used to request an extra
delay to be used between search iterations (e.g., to free up radio
resources for concurrent operations).

The optional dev_type option can be used to specify a single device type
(primary or secondary) to search for, e.g.,
"p2p_find dev_type=1-0050F204-1".


With one or more seek arguments, the command sends Probe Request frames
for a P2PS service. For example,
p2p_find 5 dev_id=11:22:33:44:55:66 seek=alt.example.chat seek=alt.example.video

Parameters description:
    Timeout - Optional ASCII base-10-encoded u16. If missing, request will not
	time out and must be canceled manually
    dev_id - Optional to request responses from a single known remote device
    Service Name - Mandatory UTF-8 string for ASP seeks
	Service name must match the remote service being advertised exactly
	(no prefix matching).
	Service name may be empty, in which case all ASP services will be
	returned, and may be filtered with p2p_serv_disc_req settings, and
	p2p_serv_asp_resp results.
	Multiple service names may be requested, but if it exceeds internal
	limit, it will automatically revert to requesting all ASP services.

p2p_listen [timeout in seconds]

Start Listen-only state (become discoverable without searching for
other devices). Optional parameter can be used to specify the duration
for the Listen operation in seconds. This command may not be of that
much use during normal operations and is mainly designed for
testing. It can also be used to keep the device discoverable without
having to maintain a group.

p2p_stop_find

Stop ongoing P2P device discovery or other operation (connect, listen
mode).

p2p_flush

Flush P2P peer table and state.

Group Formation

p2p_prov_disc <peer device address> <display|keypad|pbc> [join|auto]

Send P2P provision discovery request to the specified peer. The
parameters for this command are the P2P device address of the peer and
the desired configuration method. For example, "p2p_prov_disc
02:01:02:03:04:05 display" would request the peer to display a PIN for
us and "p2p_prov_disc 02:01:02:03:04:05 keypad" would request the peer
to enter a PIN that we display.

The optional "join" parameter can be used to indicate that this command
is requesting an already running GO to prepare for a new client. This is
mainly used with "display" to request it to display a PIN. The "auto"
parameter can be used to request wpa_supplicant to automatically figure
out whether the peer device is operating as a GO and if so, use
join-a-group style PD instead of GO Negotiation style PD.

p2p_connect <peer device address> <pbc|pin|PIN#|p2ps> [display|keypad|p2ps]
	[persistent|persistent=<network id>] [join|auth]
	[go_intent=<0..15>] [freq=<in MHz>] [ht40] [vht] [provdisc] [auto]
	[ssid=<hexdump>]

Start P2P group formation with a discovered P2P peer. This includes
optional group owner negotiation, group interface setup, provisioning,
and establishing data connection.

The <pbc|pin|PIN#> parameter specifies the WPS provisioning
method. "pbc" string starts pushbutton method, "pin" string start PIN
method using an automatically generated PIN (which will be returned as
the command return code), PIN# means that a pre-selected PIN can be
used (e.g., 12345670). [display|keypad] is used with PIN method
to specify which PIN is used (display=dynamically generated random PIN
from local display, keypad=PIN entered from peer display). "persistent"
parameter can be used to request a persistent group to be formed. The
"persistent=<network id>" alternative can be used to pre-populate
SSID/passphrase configuration based on a previously used persistent
group where this device was the GO. The previously used parameters will
then be used if the local end becomes the GO in GO Negotiation (which
can be forced with go_intent=15).

"join" indicates that this is a command to join an existing group as a
client. It skips the GO Negotiation part. This will send a Provision
Discovery Request message to the target GO before associating for WPS
provisioning.

"auth" indicates that the WPS parameters are authorized for the peer
device without actually starting GO Negotiation (i.e., the peer is
expected to initiate GO Negotiation). This is mainly for testing
purposes.

"go_intent" can be used to override the default GO Intent for this GO
Negotiation.

"freq" can be used to set a forced operating channel (e.g., freq=2412
to select 2.4 GHz channel 1).

"provdisc" can be used to request a Provision Discovery exchange to be
used prior to starting GO Negotiation as a workaround with some deployed
P2P implementations that require this to allow the user to accept the
connection.

"auto" can be used to request wpa_supplicant to automatically figure
out whether the peer device is operating as a GO and if so, use
join-a-group operation rather than GO Negotiation.

"ssid=<hexdump>" can be used to specify the Group SSID for join
operations. This allows the P2P Client interface to filter scan results
based on SSID to avoid selecting an incorrect BSS entry in case the same
P2P Device or Interface address have been used in multiple groups
recently.

P2PS attribute changes to p2p_connect command:

P2PS supports two WPS provisioning methods namely PIN method and P2PS default.
The remaining parameters hold same role as in legacy P2P. In case of P2PS
default config method "p2ps" keyword is added in p2p_connect command.

For example:
p2p_connect 02:0a:f5:85:11:00 12345670 p2ps persistent join
	(WPS Method = P2PS default)

p2p_connect 02:0a:f5:85:11:00 45629034 keypad persistent
	(WPS Method = PIN)

p2p_asp_provision <peer MAC address> <adv_id=peer adv id>
	<adv_mac=peer MAC address> [role=2|4|1] <session=session id>
	<session_mac=initiator mac address>
	[info='service info'] <method=Default|keypad|Display>

This command starts provision discovery with the P2PS enabled peer device.

For example,
p2p_asp_provision 00:11:22:33:44:55 adv_id=4d6fc7 adv_mac=00:55:44:33:22:11 role=1 session=12ab34 session_mac=00:11:22:33:44:55 info='name=john' method=1000

Parameter description:
    MAC address - Mandatory
    adv_id - Mandatory remote Advertising ID of service connection is being
	established for
    adv_mac - Mandatory MAC address that owns/registered the service
    role - Optional
	2 (group client only) or 4 (group owner only)
	if not present (or 1) role is negotiated by the two peers.
    session - Mandatory Session ID of the first session to be established
    session_mac - Mandatory MAC address that owns/initiated the session
    method - Optional method to request for provisioning (1000 - P2PS Default,
	100 - Keypad(PIN), 8 - Display(PIN))
    info - Optional UTF-8 string. Hint for service to indicate possible usage
	parameters - Escape single quote & backslash:
	with a backslash 0x27 == ' == \', and 0x5c == \ == \\

p2p_asp_provision_resp <peer mac address> <adv_id= local adv id>
	<adv_mac=local MAC address> <role=1|2|4> <status=0>
	<session=session id> <session_mac=peer MAC address>

This command sends a provision discovery response from responder side.

For example,
p2p_asp_provision_resp 00:55:44:33:22:11 adv_id=4d6fc7 adv_mac=00:55:44:33:22:11 role=1 status=0 session=12ab34 session_mac=00:11:22:33:44:55

Parameters definition:
    MAC address - Mandatory
    adv_id - Mandatory local Advertising ID of service connection is being
	established for
    adv_mac - Mandatory MAC address that owns/registered the service
    role -  Optional 2 (group client only) or 4 (group owner only)
	if not present (or 1) role is negotiated by the two peers.
    status - Mandatory Acceptance/Rejection code of Provisioning
    session - Mandatory Session ID of the first session to be established
    session_mac - Mandatory MAC address that owns/initiated the session

p2p_group_add [persistent|persistent=<network id>] [freq=<freq in MHz>]
	[ht40] [vht]

Set up a P2P group owner manually (i.e., without group owner
negotiation with a specific peer). This is also known as autonomous
GO. Optional persistent=<network id> can be used to specify restart of
a persistent group. Optional freq=<freq in MHz> can be used to force
the GO to be started on a specific frequency. Special freq=2 or freq=5
options can be used to request the best 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz band channel
to be selected automatically.

p2p_reject <peer device address>

Reject connection attempt from a peer (specified with a device
address). This is a mechanism to reject a pending GO Negotiation with
a peer and request to automatically block any further connection or
discovery of the peer.

p2p_group_remove <group interface>

Terminate a P2P group. If a new virtual network interface was used for
the group, it will also be removed. The network interface name of the
group interface is used as a parameter for this command.

p2p_cancel

Cancel an ongoing P2P group formation and joining-a-group related
operation. This operation unauthorizes the specific peer device (if any
had been authorized to start group formation), stops P2P find (if in
progress), stops pending operations for join-a-group, and removes the
P2P group interface (if one was used) that is in the WPS provisioning
step. If the WPS provisioning step has been completed, the group is not
terminated.

p2p_remove_client <peer's P2P Device Address|iface=<interface address>>

This command can be used to remove the specified client from all groups
(operating and persistent) from the local GO. Note that the peer device
can rejoin the group if it is in possession of a valid key. See p2p_set
per_sta_psk command below for more details on how the peer can be
removed securely.

Service Discovery

p2p_service_add asp <auto accept> <adv id> <status 0/1> <Config Methods>
	<Service name> [Service Information] [Response Info]

This command can be used to search for a P2PS service which includes
Play, Send, Display, and Print service. The parameters for this command
are "asp" to identify the command as P2PS one, auto accept value,
advertisement id which uniquely identifies the service requests, state
of the service whether the service is available or not, config methods
which can be either P2PS method or PIN method, service name followed by
two optional parameters service information, and response info.

For example,
p2p_service_add asp 1 4d6fc7 0 1108 alt.example.chat svc_info='name=john' rsp_info='enter PIN 1234'

Parameters definition:
    asp - Mandatory for ASP service registration
    auto accept - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded boolean (0 == no auto-accept,
	1 == auto-accept ANY role, 2 == auto-accept CLIENT role,
	4 == auto-accept GO role)
    Advertisement ID - Mandatory non-zero ASCII hex-encoded u32
	(Must be unique/not yet exist in svc db)
    State - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded u8 (0 -- Svc not available,
	1 -- Svc available, 2-0xff  Application defined)
    Config Methods - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded u16 (bitmask of WSC config
	methods)
    Service Name - Mandatory UTF-8 string
    Service Information - Optional UTF-8 string
	Escape single quote & backslash with a backslash:
	0x27 == ' == \', and 0x5c == \ == \\
    Session response information -  Optional (used only if auto accept is TRUE)
	UTF-8 string
	Escape single quote & backslash with a backslash:
	0x27 == ' == \', and 0x5c == \ == \\

p2p_service_rep asp <auto accept> <adv id> <status 0/1> <Config Methods>
	<Service name> [Service Information] [Response Info]

This command can be used to replace the existing service request
attributes from the initiator side. The replacement is only allowed if
the advertisement id issued in the command matches with any one entry in
the list of existing SD queries. If advertisement id doesn't match the
command returns a failure.

For example,
p2p_service_rep asp 1 4d6fc7 1 1108 alt.example.chat svc_info='name=john' rsp_info='enter PIN 1234'

Parameters definition:
    asp - Mandatory for ASP service registration
    auto accept - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded boolean (1 == true, 0 == false)
    Advertisement ID - Mandatory non-zero ASCII hex-encoded u32
	(Must already exist in svc db)
    State - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded u8 (can be used to indicate svc
	available or not available for instance)
    Config Methods - Mandatory ASCII hex-encoded u16 (bitmask of WSC config
	methods)
    Service Name - Mandatory UTF-8 string (Must match existing string in svc db)
    Service Information - Optional UTF-8 string
	Escape single quote & backslash with a backslash:
	0x27 == ' == \', and 0x5c == \ == \\
    Session response information -  Optional (used only if auto accept is TRUE)
	UTF-8 string
	Escape single quote & backslash with a backslash:
	0x27 == ' == \', and 0x5c == \ == \\

p2p_serv_disc_req

Schedule a P2P service discovery request. The parameters for this
command are the device address of the peer device (or 00:00:00:00:00:00
for wildcard query that is sent to every discovered P2P peer that
supports service discovery) and P2P Service Query TLV(s) as hexdump. For
example,

p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 02000001

schedules a request for listing all available services of all service
discovery protocols and requests this to be sent to all discovered
peers (note: this can result in long response frames). The pending
requests are sent during device discovery (see p2p_find).

There can be multiple pending peer device specific queries (each will be
sent in sequence whenever the peer is found).

This command returns an identifier for the pending query (e.g.,
"1f77628") that can be used to cancel the request. Directed requests
will be automatically removed when the specified peer has replied to
it.

Service Query TLV has following format:
Length (2 octets, little endian) - length of following data
Service Protocol Type (1 octet) - see the table below
Service Transaction ID (1 octet) - nonzero identifier for the TLV
Query Data (Length - 2 octets of data) - service protocol specific data

Service Protocol Types:
0 = All service protocols
1 = Bonjour
2 = UPnP
3 = WS-Discovery
4 = Wi-Fi Display

For UPnP, an alternative command format can be used to specify a
single query TLV (i.e., a service discovery for a specific UPnP
service):

p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp <version hex> <ST: from M-SEARCH>

For example:

p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:InternetGatewayDevice:1

Additional examples for queries:

# list of all Bonjour services
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 02000101

# list of all UPnP services
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 02000201

# list of all WS-Discovery services
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 02000301

# list of all Bonjour and UPnP services
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 0200010102000202

# Apple File Sharing over TCP
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 130001010b5f6166706f766572746370c00c000c01

# Bonjour SSTH (supported service type hash)
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 05000101000000

# UPnP examples
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 ssdp:all
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 upnp:rootdevice
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:2
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 uuid:6859dede-8574-59ab-9332-123456789012
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 upnp 10 urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:InternetGatewayDevice:1

# Wi-Fi Display examples
# format: wifi-display <list of roles> <list of subelements>
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 wifi-display [source] 2,3,4,5
p2p_serv_disc_req 02:01:02:03:04:05 wifi-display [pri-sink] 3
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 wifi-display [sec-source] 2
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 wifi-display [source+sink] 2,3,4,5
p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 wifi-display [source][pri-sink] 2,3,4,5

p2p_serv_disc_req <Unicast|Broadcast mac address> asp <Transaction ID>
	<Service Name> [Service Information]

The command can be used for service discovery for P2PS enabled devices.

For example: p2p_serv_disc_req 00:00:00:00:00:00 asp a1 alt.example 'john'

Parameters definition:
    MAC address - Mandatory Existing
    asp - Mandatory for ASP queries
    Transaction ID - Mandatory non-zero ASCII hex-encoded u8 for GAS
    Service Name Prefix - Mandatory UTF-8 string.
	Will match from beginning of remote Service Name
    Service Information Substring - Optional UTF-8 string
	If Service Information Substring is not included, all services matching
	Service Name Prefix will be returned.
	If Service Information Substring is included, both the Substring and the
	Service Name Prefix must match for service to be returned.
	If remote service has no Service Information, all Substring searches
	will fail.

p2p_serv_disc_cancel_req <query identifier>

Cancel a pending P2P service discovery request. This command takes a
single parameter: identifier for the pending query (the value returned
by p2p_serv_disc_req, e.g., "p2p_serv_disc_cancel_req 1f77628".

p2p_serv_disc_resp

Reply to a service discovery query. This command takes following
parameters: frequency in MHz, destination address, dialog token,
response TLV(s). The first three parameters are copied from the
request event. For example, "p2p_serv_disc_resp 2437 02:40:61:c2:f3:b7
1 0300000101". This command is used only if external program is used
to process the request (see p2p_serv_disc_external).

p2p_service_update

Indicate that local services have changed. This is used to increment
the P2P service indicator value so that peers know when previously
cached information may have changed. This is only needed when external
service discovery processing is enabled since the commands to
pre-configure services for internal processing will increment the
indicator automatically.

p2p_serv_disc_external <0|1>

Configure external processing of P2P service requests: 0 (default) =
no external processing of requests (i.e., internal code will process
each request based on pre-configured services), 1 = external
processing of requests (external program is responsible for replying
to service discovery requests with p2p_serv_disc_resp). Please note
that there is quite strict limit on how quickly the response needs to
be transmitted, so use of the internal processing is strongly
recommended.

p2p_service_add bonjour <query hexdump> <RDATA hexdump>

Add a local Bonjour service for internal SD query processing.

Examples:

# AFP Over TCP (PTR)
p2p_service_add bonjour 0b5f6166706f766572746370c00c000c01 074578616d706c65c027
# AFP Over TCP (TXT) (RDATA=null)
p2p_service_add bonjour 076578616d706c650b5f6166706f766572746370c00c001001 00

# IP Printing over TCP (PTR) (RDATA=MyPrinter._ipp._tcp.local.)
p2p_service_add bonjour 045f697070c00c000c01 094d795072696e746572c027
# IP Printing over TCP (TXT) (RDATA=txtvers=1,pdl=application/postscript)
p2p_service_add bonjour 096d797072696e746572045f697070c00c001001 09747874766572733d311a70646c3d6170706c69636174696f6e2f706f7374736372797074

# Supported Service Type Hash (SSTH)
p2p_service_add bonjour 000000 <32-byte bitfield as hexdump>
(note: see P2P spec Annex E.4 for information on how to construct the bitfield)

p2p_service_del bonjour <query hexdump>

Remove a local Bonjour service from internal SD query processing.

p2p_service_add upnp <version hex> <service>

Add a local UPnP service for internal SD query processing.

Examples:

p2p_service_add upnp 10 uuid:6859dede-8574-59ab-9332-123456789012::upnp:rootdevice
p2p_service_add upnp 10 uuid:5566d33e-9774-09ab-4822-333456785632::upnp:rootdevice
p2p_service_add upnp 10 uuid:1122de4e-8574-59ab-9322-333456789044::urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:2
p2p_service_add upnp 10 uuid:5566d33e-9774-09ab-4822-333456785632::urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:2
p2p_service_add upnp 10 uuid:6859dede-8574-59ab-9332-123456789012::urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:InternetGatewayDevice:1

p2p_service_del upnp <version hex> <service>

Remove a local UPnP service from internal SD query processing.

p2p_service_del asp <adv id>

Removes the local asp service from internal SD query list.
For example: p2p_service_del asp 4d6fc7

p2p_service_flush

Remove all local services from internal SD query processing.

Invitation

p2p_invite [persistent=<network id>|group=<group ifname>] [peer=address]
	[go_dev_addr=address] [freq=<freq in MHz>] [ht40] [vht]
	[pref=<MHz>]

Invite a peer to join a group (e.g., group=wlan1) or to reinvoke a
persistent group (e.g., persistent=4). If the peer device is the GO of
the persistent group, the peer parameter is not needed. Otherwise it is
used to specify which device to invite. go_dev_addr parameter can be
used to override the GO device address for Invitation Request should
it be not known for some reason (this should not be needed in most
cases). When reinvoking a persistent group, the GO device can specify
the frequency for the group with the freq parameter. When reinvoking a
persistent group, the P2P client device can use freq parameter to force
a specific operating channel (or invitation failure if GO rejects that)
or pref parameter to request a specific channel (while allowing GO to
select to use another channel, if needed).

Group Operations

(These are used on the group interface.)

wps_pin <any|address> <PIN>

Start WPS PIN method. This allows a single WPS Enrollee to connect to
the AP/GO. This is used on the GO when a P2P client joins an existing
group. The second parameter is the address of the Enrollee or a string
"any" to allow any station to use the entered PIN (which will restrict
the PIN for one-time-use). PIN is the Enrollee PIN read either from a
label or display on the P2P Client/WPS Enrollee.

wps_pbc

Start WPS PBC method (i.e., push the button). This allows a single WPS
Enrollee to connect to the AP/GO. This is used on the GO when a P2P
client joins an existing group.

p2p_get_passphrase

Get the passphrase for a group (only available when acting as a GO).

p2p_presence_req [<duration> <interval>] [<duration> <interval>]

Send a P2P Presence Request to the GO (this is only available when
acting as a P2P client). If no duration/interval pairs are given, the
request indicates that this client has no special needs for GO
presence. The first parameter pair gives the preferred duration and
interval values in microseconds. If the second pair is included, that
indicates which value would be acceptable. This command returns OK
immediately and the response from the GO is indicated in a
P2P-PRESENCE-RESPONSE event message.

Parameters

p2p_ext_listen [<period> <interval>]

Configure Extended Listen Timing. If the parameters are omitted, this
feature is disabled. If the parameters are included, Listen State will
be entered every interval msec for at least period msec. Both values
have acceptable range of 1-65535 (with interval obviously having to be
larger than or equal to duration). If the P2P module is not idle at
the time the Extended Listen Timing timeout occurs, the Listen State
operation will be skipped.

The configured values will also be advertised to other P2P Devices. The
received values are available in the p2p_peer command output:

ext_listen_period=100 ext_listen_interval=5000

p2p_set <field> <value>

Change dynamic P2P parameters

p2p_set discoverability <0/1>

Disable/enable advertisement of client discoverability. This is
enabled by default and this parameter is mainly used to allow testing
of device discoverability.

p2p_set managed <0/1>

Disable/enable managed P2P Device operations. This is disabled by
default.

p2p_set listen_channel <1/6/11>

Set P2P Listen channel. This is mainly meant for testing purposes and
changing the Listen channel during normal operations can result in
protocol failures.

p2p_set ssid_postfix <postfix>

Set postfix string to be added to the automatically generated P2P SSID
(DIRECT-<two random characters>). For example, postfix of "-testing"
could result in the SSID becoming DIRECT-ab-testing.

p2p_set per_sta_psk <0/1>

Disabled(default)/enables use of per-client PSK in the P2P groups. This
can be used to request GO to assign a unique PSK for each client during
WPS provisioning. When enabled, this allow clients to be removed from
the group securely with p2p_remove_client command since that client's
PSK is removed at the same time to prevent it from connecting back using
the old PSK. When per-client PSK is not used, the client can still be
disconnected, but it will be able to re-join the group since the PSK it
learned previously is still valid. It should be noted that the default
passphrase on the GO that is normally used to allow legacy stations to
connect through manual configuration does not change here, so if that is
shared, devices with knowledge of that passphrase can still connect.

set <field> <value>

Set global configuration parameters which may also affect P2P
operations. The format on these parameters is same as is used in
wpa_supplicant.conf. Only the parameters listen here should be
changed. Modifying other parameters may result in incorrect behavior
since not all existing users of the parameters are updated.

set uuid <UUID>

Set WPS UUID (by default, this is generated based on the MAC address).

set device_name <device name>

Set WPS Device Name (also included in some P2P messages).

set manufacturer <manufacturer>

Set WPS Manufacturer.

set model_name <model name>

Set WPS Model Name.

set model_number <model number>

Set WPS Model Number.

set serial_number <serial number>

Set WPS Serial Number.

set device_type <device type>

Set WPS Device Type.

set os_version <OS version>

Set WPS OS Version.

set config_methods <config methods>

Set WPS Configuration Methods.

set sec_device_type <device type>

Add a new Secondary Device Type.

set p2p_go_intent <GO intent>

Set the default P2P GO Intent. Note: This value can be overridden in
p2p_connect command and as such, there should be no need to change the
default value here during normal operations.

set p2p_ssid_postfix <P2P SSID postfix>

Set P2P SSID postfix.

set persistent_reconnect <0/1>

Disable/enabled persistent reconnect for reinvocation of persistent
groups. If enabled, invitations to reinvoke a persistent group will be
accepted without separate authorization (e.g., user interaction).

set country <two character country code>

Set country code (this is included in some P2P messages).

set p2p_search_delay <delay>

Set p2p_search_delay which adds extra delay in milliseconds between
concurrent search iterations to make p2p_find friendlier to concurrent
operations by avoiding it from taking 100% of radio resources. The
default value is 500 ms.

Status

p2p_peers [discovered]

List P2P Device Addresses of all the P2P peers we know. The optional
"discovered" parameter filters out the peers that we have not fully
discovered, i.e., which we have only seen in a received Probe Request
frame.

p2p_peer <P2P Device Address>

Fetch information about a known P2P peer.

Group Status

(These are used on the group interface.)

status

Show status information (connection state, role, use encryption
parameters, IP address, etc.).

sta

Show information about an associated station (when acting in AP/GO role).

all_sta

Lists the currently associated stations.

Configuration data

list_networks

Lists the configured networks, including stored information for
persistent groups. The identifier in this list is used with
p2p_group_add and p2p_invite to indicate which persistent group is to
be reinvoked.

remove_network <network id>

Remove a network entry from configuration. 


P2PS Events/Responses:

P2PS-PROV-START: This events gets triggered when provisioning is issued for
either seeker or advertiser.

For example,
P2PS-PROV-START 00:55:44:33:22:11 adv_id=111 adv_mac=00:55:44:33:22:11 conncap=1 session=1234567 session_mac=00:11:22:33:44:55 info='xxxx'

Parameters definition:
    MAC address - always
    adv_id - always ASCII hex-encoded u32
    adv_mac - always MAC address that owns/registered the service
    conncap - always mask of 0x01 (new), 0x02 (group client), 0x04 (group owner)
	bits
    session - always Session ID of the first session to be established
    session_mac - always MAC address that owns/initiated the session
    info - if available, UTF-8 string
	Escaped single quote & backslash with a backslash:
	\' == 0x27 == ', and \\ == 0x5c == \

P2PS-PROV-DONE: When provisioning is completed then this event gets triggered.

For example,
P2PS-PROV-DONE 00:11:22:33:44:55 status=0 adv_id=111 adv_mac=00:55:44:33:22:11 conncap=1 session=1234567 session_mac=00:11:22:33:44:55 [dev_passwd_id=8 | go=p2p-wlan0-0 | join=11:22:33:44:55:66 | persist=0]

Parameters definition:
    MAC address - always main device address of peer. May be different from MAC
	ultimately connected to.
    status - always ascii hex-encoded u8 (0 == success, 12 == deferred success)
    adv_id - always ascii hex-encoded u32
    adv_mac - always MAC address that owns/registered the service
    conncap - always One of: 1 (new), 2 (group client), 4 (group owner) bits
    session - always Session ID of the first session to be established
    session_mac - always MAC address that owns/initiated the session
    dev_passwd_id - only if conncap value == 1 (New GO negotiation)
	8 - "p2ps" password must be passed in p2p_connect command
	1 - "display" password must be passed in p2p_connect command
	5 - "keypad" password must be passed in p2p_connect command
    join only - if conncap value == 2 (Client Only). Display password and "join"
	must be passed in p2p_connect and address must be the MAC specified
    go only - if conncap value == 4 (GO Only). Interface name must be set with a
	password
    persist - only if previous persistent group existed between peers and shall
	be re-used. Group is restarted by sending "p2p_group_add persistent=0"
	where value is taken from P2P-PROV-DONE

Extended Events/Response

P2P-DEVICE-FOUND 00:11:22:33:44:55 p2p_dev_addr=00:11:22:33:44:55 pri_dev_type=0-00000000-0 name='' config_methods=0x108 dev_capab=0x21 group_capab=0x0 adv_id=111 asp_svc=alt.example.chat

Parameters definition:
    adv_id - if ASP ASCII hex-encoded u32. If it is reporting the
	"wildcard service", this value will be 0
    asp_svc - if ASP this is the service string. If it is reporting the
	"wildcard service", this value will be org.wi-fi.wfds


wpa_cli action script
---------------------

See examples/p2p-action.sh

TODO: describe DHCP/DNS setup
TODO: cross-connection