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path: root/src/drivers/driver_nl80211.c
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/*
 * Driver interaction with Linux nl80211/cfg80211
 * Copyright (c) 2002-2010, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2004, Instant802 Networks, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2005-2006, Devicescape Software, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2007, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2010, Atheros Communications
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * Alternatively, this software may be distributed under the terms of BSD
 * license.
 *
 * See README and COPYING for more details.
 */

#include "includes.h"
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netlink/genl/genl.h>
#include <netlink/genl/family.h>
#include <netlink/genl/ctrl.h>
#include <netpacket/packet.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include "nl80211_copy.h"

#include "common.h"
#include "eloop.h"
#include "common/ieee802_11_defs.h"
#include "netlink.h"
#include "linux_ioctl.h"
#include "radiotap.h"
#include "radiotap_iter.h"
#include "driver.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_LIBNL20
/* libnl 2.0 compatibility code */
#define nl_handle nl_sock
#define nl_handle_alloc_cb nl_socket_alloc_cb
#define nl_handle_destroy nl_socket_free
#endif /* CONFIG_LIBNL20 */


#ifndef IFF_LOWER_UP
#define IFF_LOWER_UP   0x10000         /* driver signals L1 up         */
#endif
#ifndef IFF_DORMANT
#define IFF_DORMANT    0x20000         /* driver signals dormant       */
#endif

#ifndef IF_OPER_DORMANT
#define IF_OPER_DORMANT 5
#endif
#ifndef IF_OPER_UP
#define IF_OPER_UP 6
#endif

struct i802_bss {
	struct i802_bss *next;
	int ifindex;
	unsigned int beacon_set:1;
};

struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data {
	void *ctx;
	struct netlink_data *netlink;
	int ioctl_sock; /* socket for ioctl() use */
	char ifname[IFNAMSIZ + 1];
	char brname[IFNAMSIZ];
	int ifindex;
	int if_removed;
	struct wpa_driver_capa capa;
	int has_capability;

	int operstate;

	int scan_complete_events;

	struct nl_handle *nl_handle;
	struct nl_handle *nl_handle_event;
	struct nl_cache *nl_cache;
	struct nl_cache *nl_cache_event;
	struct nl_cb *nl_cb;
	struct genl_family *nl80211;

	u8 auth_bssid[ETH_ALEN];
	u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN];
	int associated;
	u8 ssid[32];
	size_t ssid_len;
	int nlmode;
	int ap_scan_as_station;
	unsigned int assoc_freq;

	int monitor_sock;
	int monitor_ifidx;
	int probe_req_report;
	int disable_11b_rates;

	unsigned int beacon_set:1;
	unsigned int pending_remain_on_chan:1;
	unsigned int pending_send_action:1;
	unsigned int added_bridge:1;
	unsigned int added_if_into_bridge:1;

	u64 remain_on_chan_cookie;
	u64 send_action_cookie;

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	int eapol_sock; /* socket for EAPOL frames */

	int default_if_indices[16];
	int *if_indices;
	int num_if_indices;

	struct i802_bss bss;

	int last_freq;
	int last_freq_ht;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
};


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout(void *eloop_ctx,
					    void *timeout_ctx);
static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(void *priv, int mode);
static int
wpa_driver_nl80211_finish_drv_init(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv);
static int wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				   const u8 *addr, int cmd, u16 reason_code);
static void nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv);

#ifdef HOSTAPD
static void add_ifidx(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int ifidx);
static void del_ifidx(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int ifidx);
static struct i802_bss * get_bss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 int ifindex);
static int i802_set_freq(void *priv, struct hostapd_freq_params *freq);
static int wpa_driver_nl80211_if_remove(void *priv,
					enum wpa_driver_if_type type,
					const char *ifname);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

static void wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report_timeout(void *eloop_ctx,
							void *timeout_ctx);
static int nl80211_disable_11b_rates(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				     int ifindex, int disabled);


/* nl80211 code */
static int ack_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	int *err = arg;
	*err = 0;
	return NL_STOP;
}

static int finish_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	int *ret = arg;
	*ret = 0;
	return NL_SKIP;
}

static int error_handler(struct sockaddr_nl *nla, struct nlmsgerr *err,
			 void *arg)
{
	int *ret = arg;
	*ret = err->error;
	return NL_SKIP;
}


static int no_seq_check(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	return NL_OK;
}


static int send_and_recv(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			 struct nl_handle *nl_handle, struct nl_msg *msg,
			 int (*valid_handler)(struct nl_msg *, void *),
			 void *valid_data)
{
	struct nl_cb *cb;
	int err = -ENOMEM;

	cb = nl_cb_clone(drv->nl_cb);
	if (!cb)
		goto out;

	err = nl_send_auto_complete(nl_handle, msg);
	if (err < 0)
		goto out;

	err = 1;

	nl_cb_err(cb, NL_CB_CUSTOM, error_handler, &err);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_FINISH, NL_CB_CUSTOM, finish_handler, &err);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_ACK, NL_CB_CUSTOM, ack_handler, &err);

	if (valid_handler)
		nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_VALID, NL_CB_CUSTOM,
			  valid_handler, valid_data);

	while (err > 0)
		nl_recvmsgs(nl_handle, cb);
 out:
	nl_cb_put(cb);
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return err;
}


static int send_and_recv_msgs(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			      struct nl_msg *msg,
			      int (*valid_handler)(struct nl_msg *, void *),
			      void *valid_data)
{
	return send_and_recv(drv, drv->nl_handle, msg, valid_handler,
			     valid_data);
}


struct family_data {
	const char *group;
	int id;
};


static int family_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct family_data *res = arg;
	struct nlattr *tb[CTRL_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct nlattr *mcgrp;
	int i;

	nla_parse(tb, CTRL_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);
	if (!tb[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GROUPS])
		return NL_SKIP;

	nla_for_each_nested(mcgrp, tb[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GROUPS], i) {
		struct nlattr *tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_MAX + 1];
		nla_parse(tb2, CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_MAX, nla_data(mcgrp),
			  nla_len(mcgrp), NULL);
		if (!tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_NAME] ||
		    !tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_ID] ||
		    os_strncmp(nla_data(tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_NAME]),
			       res->group,
			       nla_len(tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_NAME])) != 0)
			continue;
		res->id = nla_get_u32(tb2[CTRL_ATTR_MCAST_GRP_ID]);
		break;
	};

	return NL_SKIP;
}


static int nl_get_multicast_id(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			       const char *family, const char *group)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -1;
	struct family_data res = { group, -ENOENT };

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;
	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_ctrl_resolve(drv->nl_handle, "nlctrl"),
		    0, 0, CTRL_CMD_GETFAMILY, 0);
	NLA_PUT_STRING(msg, CTRL_ATTR_FAMILY_NAME, family);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, family_handler, &res);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = res.id;

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_get_bssid(void *priv, u8 *bssid)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (!drv->associated)
		return -1;
	os_memcpy(bssid, drv->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	return 0;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_get_ssid(void *priv, u8 *ssid)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (!drv->associated)
		return -1;
	os_memcpy(ssid, drv->ssid, drv->ssid_len);
	return drv->ssid_len;
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_event_link(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					  char *buf, size_t len, int del)
{
	union wpa_event_data event;

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	if (len > sizeof(event.interface_status.ifname))
		len = sizeof(event.interface_status.ifname) - 1;
	os_memcpy(event.interface_status.ifname, buf, len);
	event.interface_status.ievent = del ? EVENT_INTERFACE_REMOVED :
		EVENT_INTERFACE_ADDED;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "RTM_%sLINK, IFLA_IFNAME: Interface '%s' %s",
		   del ? "DEL" : "NEW",
		   event.interface_status.ifname,
		   del ? "removed" : "added");

	if (os_strcmp(drv->ifname, event.interface_status.ifname) == 0) {
		if (del)
			drv->if_removed = 1;
		else
			drv->if_removed = 0;
	}

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_INTERFACE_STATUS, &event);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_own_ifname(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					 u8 *buf, size_t len)
{
	int attrlen, rta_len;
	struct rtattr *attr;

	attrlen = len;
	attr = (struct rtattr *) buf;

	rta_len = RTA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct rtattr));
	while (RTA_OK(attr, attrlen)) {
		if (attr->rta_type == IFLA_IFNAME) {
			if (os_strcmp(((char *) attr) + rta_len, drv->ifname)
			    == 0)
				return 1;
			else
				break;
		}
		attr = RTA_NEXT(attr, attrlen);
	}

	return 0;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_own_ifindex(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					  int ifindex, u8 *buf, size_t len)
{
	if (drv->ifindex == ifindex)
		return 1;

	if (drv->if_removed && wpa_driver_nl80211_own_ifname(drv, buf, len)) {
		drv->ifindex = if_nametoindex(drv->ifname);
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Update ifindex for a removed "
			   "interface");
		wpa_driver_nl80211_finish_drv_init(drv);
		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_event_rtm_newlink(void *ctx,
						 struct ifinfomsg *ifi,
						 u8 *buf, size_t len)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = ctx;
	int attrlen, rta_len;
	struct rtattr *attr;

	if (!wpa_driver_nl80211_own_ifindex(drv, ifi->ifi_index, buf, len)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "Ignore event for foreign ifindex %d",
			   ifi->ifi_index);
		return;
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "RTM_NEWLINK: operstate=%d ifi_flags=0x%x "
		   "(%s%s%s%s)",
		   drv->operstate, ifi->ifi_flags,
		   (ifi->ifi_flags & IFF_UP) ? "[UP]" : "",
		   (ifi->ifi_flags & IFF_RUNNING) ? "[RUNNING]" : "",
		   (ifi->ifi_flags & IFF_LOWER_UP) ? "[LOWER_UP]" : "",
		   (ifi->ifi_flags & IFF_DORMANT) ? "[DORMANT]" : "");
	/*
	 * Some drivers send the association event before the operup event--in
	 * this case, lifting operstate in wpa_driver_nl80211_set_operstate()
	 * fails. This will hit us when wpa_supplicant does not need to do
	 * IEEE 802.1X authentication
	 */
	if (drv->operstate == 1 &&
	    (ifi->ifi_flags & (IFF_LOWER_UP | IFF_DORMANT)) == IFF_LOWER_UP &&
	    !(ifi->ifi_flags & IFF_RUNNING))
		netlink_send_oper_ifla(drv->netlink, drv->ifindex,
				       -1, IF_OPER_UP);

	attrlen = len;
	attr = (struct rtattr *) buf;
	rta_len = RTA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct rtattr));
	while (RTA_OK(attr, attrlen)) {
		if (attr->rta_type == IFLA_IFNAME) {
			wpa_driver_nl80211_event_link(
				drv,
				((char *) attr) + rta_len,
				attr->rta_len - rta_len, 0);
		}
		attr = RTA_NEXT(attr, attrlen);
	}
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_event_rtm_dellink(void *ctx,
						 struct ifinfomsg *ifi,
						 u8 *buf, size_t len)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = ctx;
	int attrlen, rta_len;
	struct rtattr *attr;

	attrlen = len;
	attr = (struct rtattr *) buf;

	rta_len = RTA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct rtattr));
	while (RTA_OK(attr, attrlen)) {
		if (attr->rta_type == IFLA_IFNAME) {
			wpa_driver_nl80211_event_link(
				drv,
				((char *) attr) + rta_len,
				attr->rta_len - rta_len, 1);
		}
		attr = RTA_NEXT(attr, attrlen);
	}
}


static void mlme_event_auth(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			    const u8 *frame, size_t len)
{
	const struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	union wpa_event_data event;

	mgmt = (const struct ieee80211_mgmt *) frame;
	if (len < 24 + sizeof(mgmt->u.auth)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Too short association event "
			   "frame");
		return;
	}

	os_memcpy(drv->auth_bssid, mgmt->sa, ETH_ALEN);
	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	os_memcpy(event.auth.peer, mgmt->sa, ETH_ALEN);
	event.auth.auth_type = le_to_host16(mgmt->u.auth.auth_alg);
	event.auth.status_code = le_to_host16(mgmt->u.auth.status_code);
	if (len > 24 + sizeof(mgmt->u.auth)) {
		event.auth.ies = mgmt->u.auth.variable;
		event.auth.ies_len = len - 24 - sizeof(mgmt->u.auth);
	}

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_AUTH, &event);
}


static void mlme_event_assoc(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			    const u8 *frame, size_t len)
{
	const struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	union wpa_event_data event;
	u16 status;

	mgmt = (const struct ieee80211_mgmt *) frame;
	if (len < 24 + sizeof(mgmt->u.assoc_resp)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Too short association event "
			   "frame");
		return;
	}

	status = le_to_host16(mgmt->u.assoc_resp.status_code);
	if (status != WLAN_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
		os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
		if (len > 24 + sizeof(mgmt->u.assoc_resp)) {
			event.assoc_reject.resp_ies =
				(u8 *) mgmt->u.assoc_resp.variable;
			event.assoc_reject.resp_ies_len =
				len - 24 - sizeof(mgmt->u.assoc_resp);
		}
		event.assoc_reject.status_code = status;

		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_ASSOC_REJECT, &event);
		return;
	}

	drv->associated = 1;
	os_memcpy(drv->bssid, mgmt->sa, ETH_ALEN);

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	if (len > 24 + sizeof(mgmt->u.assoc_resp)) {
		event.assoc_info.resp_ies = (u8 *) mgmt->u.assoc_resp.variable;
		event.assoc_info.resp_ies_len =
			len - 24 - sizeof(mgmt->u.assoc_resp);
	}

	event.assoc_info.freq = drv->assoc_freq;

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_ASSOC, &event);
}


static void mlme_event_connect(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			       enum nl80211_commands cmd, struct nlattr *status,
			       struct nlattr *addr, struct nlattr *req_ie,
			       struct nlattr *resp_ie)
{
	union wpa_event_data event;

	if (drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME) {
		/*
		 * Avoid reporting two association events that would confuse
		 * the core code.
		 */
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Ignore connect event (cmd=%d) "
			   "when using userspace SME", cmd);
		return;
	}

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	if (cmd == NL80211_CMD_CONNECT &&
	    nla_get_u16(status) != WLAN_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
		if (resp_ie) {
			event.assoc_reject.resp_ies = nla_data(resp_ie);
			event.assoc_reject.resp_ies_len = nla_len(resp_ie);
		}
		event.assoc_reject.status_code = nla_get_u16(status);
		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_ASSOC_REJECT, &event);
		return;
	}

	drv->associated = 1;
	if (addr)
		os_memcpy(drv->bssid, nla_data(addr), ETH_ALEN);

	if (req_ie) {
		event.assoc_info.req_ies = nla_data(req_ie);
		event.assoc_info.req_ies_len = nla_len(req_ie);
	}
	if (resp_ie) {
		event.assoc_info.resp_ies = nla_data(resp_ie);
		event.assoc_info.resp_ies_len = nla_len(resp_ie);
	}

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_ASSOC, &event);
}


static void mlme_timeout_event(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			       enum nl80211_commands cmd, struct nlattr *addr)
{
	union wpa_event_data event;
	enum wpa_event_type ev;

	if (nla_len(addr) != ETH_ALEN)
		return;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME event %d; timeout with " MACSTR,
		   cmd, MAC2STR((u8 *) nla_data(addr)));

	if (cmd == NL80211_CMD_AUTHENTICATE)
		ev = EVENT_AUTH_TIMED_OUT;
	else if (cmd == NL80211_CMD_ASSOCIATE)
		ev = EVENT_ASSOC_TIMED_OUT;
	else
		return;

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	os_memcpy(event.timeout_event.addr, nla_data(addr), ETH_ALEN);
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, ev, &event);
}


static void mlme_event_action(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			      struct nlattr *freq, const u8 *frame, size_t len)
{
	const struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	union wpa_event_data event;
	u16 fc, stype;

	mgmt = (const struct ieee80211_mgmt *) frame;
	if (len < 24) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Too short action frame");
		return;
	}

	fc = le_to_host16(mgmt->frame_control);
	stype = WLAN_FC_GET_STYPE(fc);

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	event.rx_action.da = mgmt->da;
	event.rx_action.sa = mgmt->sa;
	event.rx_action.bssid = mgmt->bssid;
	event.rx_action.category = mgmt->u.action.category;
	event.rx_action.data = &mgmt->u.action.category + 1;
	event.rx_action.len = frame + len - event.rx_action.data;
	if (freq)
		event.rx_action.freq = nla_get_u32(freq);
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_RX_ACTION, &event);
}


static void mlme_event_action_tx_status(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					struct nlattr *cookie, const u8 *frame,
					size_t len, struct nlattr *ack)
{
	union wpa_event_data event;
	const struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr;
	u16 fc;
	u64 cookie_val;

	if (!cookie)
		return;

	cookie_val = nla_get_u64(cookie);
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Action TX status: cookie=0%llx%s",
		   (long long unsigned int) cookie_val,
		   cookie_val == drv->send_action_cookie ?
		   " (match)" : " (unknown)");
	if (cookie_val != drv->send_action_cookie)
		return;

	hdr = (const struct ieee80211_hdr *) frame;
	fc = le_to_host16(hdr->frame_control);

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	event.tx_status.type = WLAN_FC_GET_TYPE(fc);
	event.tx_status.stype = WLAN_FC_GET_STYPE(fc);
	event.tx_status.dst = hdr->addr1;
	event.tx_status.data = frame;
	event.tx_status.data_len = len;
	event.tx_status.ack = ack != NULL;
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_TX_STATUS, &event);
}


static void mlme_event(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
		       enum nl80211_commands cmd, struct nlattr *frame,
		       struct nlattr *addr, struct nlattr *timed_out,
		       struct nlattr *freq, struct nlattr *ack,
		       struct nlattr *cookie)
{
	if (timed_out && addr) {
		mlme_timeout_event(drv, cmd, addr);
		return;
	}

	if (frame == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME event %d without frame "
			   "data", cmd);
		return;
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME event %d", cmd);
	wpa_hexdump(MSG_MSGDUMP, "nl80211: MLME event frame",
		    nla_data(frame), nla_len(frame));

	switch (cmd) {
	case NL80211_CMD_AUTHENTICATE:
		mlme_event_auth(drv, nla_data(frame), nla_len(frame));
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_ASSOCIATE:
		mlme_event_assoc(drv, nla_data(frame), nla_len(frame));
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_DEAUTHENTICATE:
		drv->associated = 0;
		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_DEAUTH, NULL);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_DISASSOCIATE:
		drv->associated = 0;
		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_DISASSOC, NULL);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_ACTION:
		mlme_event_action(drv, freq, nla_data(frame), nla_len(frame));
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_ACTION_TX_STATUS:
		mlme_event_action_tx_status(drv, cookie, nla_data(frame),
					    nla_len(frame), ack);
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}
}


static void mlme_event_michael_mic_failure(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					   struct nlattr *tb[])
{
	union wpa_event_data data;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME event Michael MIC failure");
	os_memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]) {
		wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Source MAC address",
			    nla_data(tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]),
			    nla_len(tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]));
		data.michael_mic_failure.src = nla_data(tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]);
	}
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ]) {
		wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: TSC",
			    nla_data(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ]),
			    nla_len(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ]));
	}
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_TYPE]) {
		enum nl80211_key_type key_type =
			nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_TYPE]);
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Key Type %d", key_type);
		if (key_type == NL80211_KEYTYPE_PAIRWISE)
			data.michael_mic_failure.unicast = 1;
	} else
		data.michael_mic_failure.unicast = 1;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_IDX]) {
		u8 key_id = nla_get_u8(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_IDX]);
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Key Id %d", key_id);
	}

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_MICHAEL_MIC_FAILURE, &data);
}


static void mlme_event_join_ibss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 struct nlattr *tb[])
{
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC] == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: No address in IBSS joined "
			   "event");
		return;
	}
	os_memcpy(drv->bssid, nla_data(tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC]), ETH_ALEN);
	drv->associated = 1;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: IBSS " MACSTR " joined",
		   MAC2STR(drv->bssid));

	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_ASSOC, NULL);
}


static void mlme_event_remain_on_channel(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					 int cancel_event, struct nlattr *tb[])
{
	unsigned int freq, chan_type, duration;
	union wpa_event_data data;
	u64 cookie;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ])
		freq = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ]);
	else
		freq = 0;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_CHANNEL_TYPE])
		chan_type = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_CHANNEL_TYPE]);
	else
		chan_type = 0;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_DURATION])
		duration = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_ATTR_DURATION]);
	else
		duration = 0;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE])
		cookie = nla_get_u64(tb[NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE]);
	else
		cookie = 0;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Remain-on-channel event (cancel=%d "
		   "freq=%u channel_type=%u duration=%u cookie=0x%llx (%s))",
		   cancel_event, freq, chan_type, duration,
		   (long long unsigned int) cookie,
		   cookie == drv->remain_on_chan_cookie ? "match" : "unknown");

	if (cookie != drv->remain_on_chan_cookie)
		return; /* not for us */

	drv->pending_remain_on_chan = !cancel_event;

	os_memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
	data.remain_on_channel.freq = freq;
	data.remain_on_channel.duration = duration;
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, cancel_event ?
			     EVENT_CANCEL_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL :
			     EVENT_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL, &data);
}


static void send_scan_event(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int aborted,
			    struct nlattr *tb[])
{
	union wpa_event_data event;
	struct nlattr *nl;
	int rem;
	struct scan_info *info;
#define MAX_REPORT_FREQS 50
	int freqs[MAX_REPORT_FREQS];
	int num_freqs = 0;

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	info = &event.scan_info;
	info->aborted = aborted;

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_SSIDS]) {
		nla_for_each_nested(nl, tb[NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_SSIDS], rem) {
			struct wpa_driver_scan_ssid *s =
				&info->ssids[info->num_ssids];
			s->ssid = nla_data(nl);
			s->ssid_len = nla_len(nl);
			info->num_ssids++;
			if (info->num_ssids == WPAS_MAX_SCAN_SSIDS)
				break;
		}
	}
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_FREQUENCIES]) {
		nla_for_each_nested(nl, tb[NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_FREQUENCIES], rem)
		{
			freqs[num_freqs] = nla_get_u32(nl);
			num_freqs++;
			if (num_freqs == MAX_REPORT_FREQS - 1)
				break;
		}
		info->freqs = freqs;
		info->num_freqs = num_freqs;
	}
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_SCAN_RESULTS, &event);
}


static int process_event(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = arg;
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];

	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX]) {
		int ifindex = nla_get_u32(tb[NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX]);
		if (ifindex != drv->ifindex) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Ignored event (cmd=%d)"
				   " for foreign interface (ifindex %d)",
				   gnlh->cmd, ifindex);
			return NL_SKIP;
		}
	}

	if (drv->ap_scan_as_station &&
	    (gnlh->cmd == NL80211_CMD_NEW_SCAN_RESULTS ||
	     gnlh->cmd == NL80211_CMD_SCAN_ABORTED)) {
		wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_AP);
		drv->ap_scan_as_station = 0;
	}

	switch (gnlh->cmd) {
	case NL80211_CMD_TRIGGER_SCAN:
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan trigger");
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_NEW_SCAN_RESULTS:
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: New scan results available");
		drv->scan_complete_events = 1;
		eloop_cancel_timeout(wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout, drv,
				     drv->ctx);
		send_scan_event(drv, 0, tb);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_SCAN_ABORTED:
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan aborted");
		/*
		 * Need to indicate that scan results are available in order
		 * not to make wpa_supplicant stop its scanning.
		 */
		eloop_cancel_timeout(wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout, drv,
				     drv->ctx);
		send_scan_event(drv, 1, tb);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_AUTHENTICATE:
	case NL80211_CMD_ASSOCIATE:
	case NL80211_CMD_DEAUTHENTICATE:
	case NL80211_CMD_DISASSOCIATE:
	case NL80211_CMD_ACTION:
	case NL80211_CMD_ACTION_TX_STATUS:
		mlme_event(drv, gnlh->cmd, tb[NL80211_ATTR_FRAME],
			   tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC], tb[NL80211_ATTR_TIMED_OUT],
			   tb[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ], tb[NL80211_ATTR_ACK],
			   tb[NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE]);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_CONNECT:
	case NL80211_CMD_ROAM:
		mlme_event_connect(drv, gnlh->cmd,
				   tb[NL80211_ATTR_STATUS_CODE],
				   tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAC],
				   tb[NL80211_ATTR_REQ_IE],
				   tb[NL80211_ATTR_RESP_IE]);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_DISCONNECT:
		if (drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME) {
			/*
			 * Avoid reporting two disassociation events that could
			 * confuse the core code.
			 */
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Ignore disconnect "
				   "event when using userspace SME");
			break;
		}
		drv->associated = 0;
		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_DISASSOC, NULL);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_MICHAEL_MIC_FAILURE:
		mlme_event_michael_mic_failure(drv, tb);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_JOIN_IBSS:
		mlme_event_join_ibss(drv, tb);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL:
		mlme_event_remain_on_channel(drv, 0, tb);
		break;
	case NL80211_CMD_CANCEL_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL:
		mlme_event_remain_on_channel(drv, 1, tb);
		break;
	default:
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Ignored unknown event "
			   "(cmd=%d)", gnlh->cmd);
		break;
	}

	return NL_SKIP;
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_event_receive(int sock, void *eloop_ctx,
					     void *sock_ctx)
{
	struct nl_cb *cb;
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = eloop_ctx;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Event message available");

	cb = nl_cb_clone(drv->nl_cb);
	if (!cb)
		return;
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_SEQ_CHECK, NL_CB_CUSTOM, no_seq_check, NULL);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_VALID, NL_CB_CUSTOM, process_event, drv);
	nl_recvmsgs(drv->nl_handle_event, cb);
	nl_cb_put(cb);
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_set_country - ask nl80211 to set the regulatory domain
 * @priv: driver_nl80211 private data
 * @alpha2_arg: country to which to switch to
 * Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
 *
 * This asks nl80211 to set the regulatory domain for given
 * country ISO / IEC alpha2.
 */
static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_country(void *priv, const char *alpha2_arg)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	char alpha2[3];
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	alpha2[0] = alpha2_arg[0];
	alpha2[1] = alpha2_arg[1];
	alpha2[2] = '\0';

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_REQ_SET_REG, 0);

	NLA_PUT_STRING(msg, NL80211_ATTR_REG_ALPHA2, alpha2);
	if (send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL))
		return -EINVAL;
	return 0;
nla_put_failure:
	return -EINVAL;
}


#ifndef HOSTAPD
struct wiphy_info_data {
	int max_scan_ssids;
	int ap_supported;
	int auth_supported;
	int connect_supported;
};


static int wiphy_info_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct wiphy_info_data *info = arg;

	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX_NUM_SCAN_SSIDS])
		info->max_scan_ssids =
			nla_get_u8(tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX_NUM_SCAN_SSIDS]);

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_SUPPORTED_IFTYPES]) {
		struct nlattr *nl_mode;
		int i;
		nla_for_each_nested(nl_mode,
				    tb[NL80211_ATTR_SUPPORTED_IFTYPES], i) {
			if (nl_mode->nla_type == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
				info->ap_supported = 1;
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_SUPPORTED_COMMANDS]) {
		struct nlattr *nl_cmd;
		int i;

		nla_for_each_nested(nl_cmd,
				    tb[NL80211_ATTR_SUPPORTED_COMMANDS], i) {
			u32 cmd = nla_get_u32(nl_cmd);
			if (cmd == NL80211_CMD_AUTHENTICATE)
				info->auth_supported = 1;
			else if (cmd == NL80211_CMD_CONNECT)
				info->connect_supported = 1;
		}
	}

	return NL_SKIP;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_get_info(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				       struct wiphy_info_data *info)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	os_memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_GET_WIPHY, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	if (send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, wiphy_info_handler, info) == 0)
		return 0;
	msg = NULL;
nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return -1;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_capa(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct wiphy_info_data info;
	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_get_info(drv, &info))
		return -1;
	drv->has_capability = 1;
	/* For now, assume TKIP, CCMP, WPA, WPA2 are supported */
	drv->capa.key_mgmt = WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_KEY_MGMT_WPA |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_KEY_MGMT_WPA_PSK |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_KEY_MGMT_WPA2 |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_KEY_MGMT_WPA2_PSK;
	drv->capa.enc = WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_ENC_WEP40 |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_ENC_WEP104 |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_ENC_TKIP |
		WPA_DRIVER_CAPA_ENC_CCMP;
	drv->capa.auth = WPA_DRIVER_AUTH_OPEN |
		WPA_DRIVER_AUTH_SHARED |
		WPA_DRIVER_AUTH_LEAP;

	drv->capa.max_scan_ssids = info.max_scan_ssids;
	if (info.ap_supported)
		drv->capa.flags |= WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_AP;

	if (info.auth_supported)
		drv->capa.flags |= WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME;
	else if (!info.connect_supported) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "nl80211: Driver does not support "
			   "authentication/association or connect commands");
		return -1;
	}

	drv->capa.flags |= WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SET_KEYS_AFTER_ASSOC_DONE;

	return 0;
}
#endif /* HOSTAPD */


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_init_nl(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				      void *ctx)
{
	int ret;

	/* Initialize generic netlink and nl80211 */

	drv->nl_cb = nl_cb_alloc(NL_CB_DEFAULT);
	if (drv->nl_cb == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate netlink "
			   "callbacks");
		goto err1;
	}

	drv->nl_handle = nl_handle_alloc_cb(drv->nl_cb);
	if (drv->nl_handle == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate netlink "
			   "callbacks");
		goto err2;
	}

	drv->nl_handle_event = nl_handle_alloc_cb(drv->nl_cb);
	if (drv->nl_handle_event == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate netlink "
			   "callbacks (event)");
		goto err2b;
	}

	if (genl_connect(drv->nl_handle)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to connect to generic "
			   "netlink");
		goto err3;
	}

	if (genl_connect(drv->nl_handle_event)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to connect to generic "
			   "netlink (event)");
		goto err3;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_LIBNL20
	if (genl_ctrl_alloc_cache(drv->nl_handle, &drv->nl_cache) < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate generic "
			   "netlink cache");
		goto err3;
	}
	if (genl_ctrl_alloc_cache(drv->nl_handle_event, &drv->nl_cache_event) <
	    0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate generic "
			   "netlink cache (event)");
		goto err3b;
	}
#else /* CONFIG_LIBNL20 */
	drv->nl_cache = genl_ctrl_alloc_cache(drv->nl_handle);
	if (drv->nl_cache == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate generic "
			   "netlink cache");
		goto err3;
	}
	drv->nl_cache_event = genl_ctrl_alloc_cache(drv->nl_handle_event);
	if (drv->nl_cache_event == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to allocate generic "
			   "netlink cache (event)");
		goto err3b;
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_LIBNL20 */

	drv->nl80211 = genl_ctrl_search_by_name(drv->nl_cache, "nl80211");
	if (drv->nl80211 == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: 'nl80211' generic netlink not "
			   "found");
		goto err4;
	}

	ret = nl_get_multicast_id(drv, "nl80211", "scan");
	if (ret >= 0)
		ret = nl_socket_add_membership(drv->nl_handle_event, ret);
	if (ret < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Could not add multicast "
			   "membership for scan events: %d (%s)",
			   ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto err4;
	}

	ret = nl_get_multicast_id(drv, "nl80211", "mlme");
	if (ret >= 0)
		ret = nl_socket_add_membership(drv->nl_handle_event, ret);
	if (ret < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Could not add multicast "
			   "membership for mlme events: %d (%s)",
			   ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto err4;
	}

	eloop_register_read_sock(nl_socket_get_fd(drv->nl_handle_event),
				 wpa_driver_nl80211_event_receive, drv, ctx);

	return 0;

err4:
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache_event);
err3b:
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache);
err3:
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle_event);
err2b:
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle);
err2:
	nl_cb_put(drv->nl_cb);
err1:
	return -1;
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_init - Initialize nl80211 driver interface
 * @ctx: context to be used when calling wpa_supplicant functions,
 * e.g., wpa_supplicant_event()
 * @ifname: interface name, e.g., wlan0
 * Returns: Pointer to private data, %NULL on failure
 */
static void * wpa_driver_nl80211_init(void *ctx, const char *ifname)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv;
	struct netlink_config *cfg;

	drv = os_zalloc(sizeof(*drv));
	if (drv == NULL)
		return NULL;
	drv->ctx = ctx;
	os_strlcpy(drv->ifname, ifname, sizeof(drv->ifname));
	drv->monitor_ifidx = -1;
	drv->monitor_sock = -1;
	drv->ioctl_sock = -1;

	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_init_nl(drv, ctx)) {
		os_free(drv);
		return NULL;
	}

	drv->ioctl_sock = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
	if (drv->ioctl_sock < 0) {
		perror("socket(PF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM)");
		goto failed;
	}

	cfg = os_zalloc(sizeof(*cfg));
	if (cfg == NULL)
		goto failed;
	cfg->ctx = drv;
	cfg->newlink_cb = wpa_driver_nl80211_event_rtm_newlink;
	cfg->dellink_cb = wpa_driver_nl80211_event_rtm_dellink;
	drv->netlink = netlink_init(cfg);
	if (drv->netlink == NULL) {
		os_free(cfg);
		goto failed;
	}
	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_finish_drv_init(drv))
		goto failed;

	return drv;

failed:
	netlink_deinit(drv->netlink);
	if (drv->ioctl_sock >= 0)
		close(drv->ioctl_sock);

	genl_family_put(drv->nl80211);
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache);
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle);
	nl_cb_put(drv->nl_cb);

	os_free(drv);
	return NULL;
}


static int nl80211_register_action_frame(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					 const u8 *match, size_t match_len)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -1;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_REGISTER_ACTION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_FRAME_MATCH, match_len, match);

	ret = send_and_recv(drv, drv->nl_handle_event, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Register Action command "
			   "failed: ret=%d (%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Register Action match",
			    match, match_len);
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;
nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int nl80211_register_action_frames(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	if (0) {
		/* Public Action frames */
		return nl80211_register_action_frame(drv, (u8 *) "\x04", 1);
	}
	return 0;
}


static int
wpa_driver_nl80211_finish_drv_init(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	drv->ifindex = if_nametoindex(drv->ifname);

#ifndef HOSTAPD
	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA) < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Could not configure driver to "
			   "use managed mode");
	}

	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 1)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "Could not set interface '%s' UP",
			   drv->ifname);
		return -1;
	}

	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_capa(drv))
		return -1;

	netlink_send_oper_ifla(drv->netlink, drv->ifindex,
			       1, IF_OPER_DORMANT);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	if (nl80211_register_action_frames(drv) < 0)
		return -1;

	return 0;
}


#ifdef HOSTAPD
static void wpa_driver_nl80211_free_bss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct i802_bss *bss, *prev;
	bss = drv->bss.next;
	while (bss) {
		prev = bss;
		bss = bss->next;
		os_free(bss);
	}
}
#endif /* HOSTAPD */


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_del_beacon(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_DEL_BEACON, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit - Deinitialize nl80211 driver interface
 * @priv: Pointer to private nl80211 data from wpa_driver_nl80211_init()
 *
 * Shut down driver interface and processing of driver events. Free
 * private data buffer if one was allocated in wpa_driver_nl80211_init().
 */
static void wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;

	if (drv->added_if_into_bridge) {
		if (linux_br_del_if(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->brname, drv->ifname)
		    < 0)
			wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "nl80211: Failed to remove "
				   "interface %s from bridge %s: %s",
				   drv->ifname, drv->brname, strerror(errno));
	}
	if (drv->added_bridge) {
		if (linux_br_del(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->brname) < 0)
			wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "nl80211: Failed to remove "
				   "bridge %s: %s",
				   drv->brname, strerror(errno));
	}

	nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);

	if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP)
		wpa_driver_nl80211_del_beacon(drv);

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	if (drv->last_freq_ht) {
		/* Clear HT flags from the driver */
		struct hostapd_freq_params freq;
		os_memset(&freq, 0, sizeof(freq));
		freq.freq = drv->last_freq;
		i802_set_freq(priv, &freq);
	}

	if (drv->eapol_sock >= 0) {
		eloop_unregister_read_sock(drv->eapol_sock);
		close(drv->eapol_sock);
	}

	if (drv->if_indices != drv->default_if_indices)
		os_free(drv->if_indices);

	wpa_driver_nl80211_free_bss(drv);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	if (drv->disable_11b_rates)
		nl80211_disable_11b_rates(drv, drv->ifindex, 0);

	netlink_send_oper_ifla(drv->netlink, drv->ifindex, 0, IF_OPER_UP);
	netlink_deinit(drv->netlink);

	eloop_cancel_timeout(wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout, drv, drv->ctx);

	(void) linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 0);
	wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA);

	if (drv->ioctl_sock >= 0)
		close(drv->ioctl_sock);

	eloop_unregister_read_sock(nl_socket_get_fd(drv->nl_handle_event));
	genl_family_put(drv->nl80211);
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache);
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache_event);
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle);
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle_event);
	nl_cb_put(drv->nl_cb);

	eloop_cancel_timeout(wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report_timeout,
			     drv, NULL);

	os_free(drv);
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout - Scan timeout to report scan completion
 * @eloop_ctx: Driver private data
 * @timeout_ctx: ctx argument given to wpa_driver_nl80211_init()
 *
 * This function can be used as registered timeout when starting a scan to
 * generate a scan completed event if the driver does not report this.
 */
static void wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout(void *eloop_ctx, void *timeout_ctx)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = eloop_ctx;
	if (drv->ap_scan_as_station) {
		wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_AP);
		drv->ap_scan_as_station = 0;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "Scan timeout - try to get results");
	wpa_supplicant_event(timeout_ctx, EVENT_SCAN_RESULTS, NULL);
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_scan - Request the driver to initiate scan
 * @priv: Pointer to private driver data from wpa_driver_nl80211_init()
 * @params: Scan parameters
 * Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
 */
static int wpa_driver_nl80211_scan(void *priv,
				   struct wpa_driver_scan_params *params)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ret = 0, timeout;
	struct nl_msg *msg, *ssids, *freqs;
	size_t i;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	ssids = nlmsg_alloc();
	freqs = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg || !ssids || !freqs) {
		nlmsg_free(msg);
		nlmsg_free(ssids);
		nlmsg_free(freqs);
		return -1;
	}

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_TRIGGER_SCAN, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	for (i = 0; i < params->num_ssids; i++) {
		NLA_PUT(ssids, i + 1, params->ssids[i].ssid_len,
			params->ssids[i].ssid);
	}
	if (params->num_ssids)
		nla_put_nested(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_SSIDS, ssids);

	if (params->extra_ies) {
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IE, params->extra_ies_len,
			params->extra_ies);
	}

	if (params->freqs) {
		for (i = 0; params->freqs[i]; i++)
			NLA_PUT_U32(freqs, i + 1, params->freqs[i]);
		nla_put_nested(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SCAN_FREQUENCIES, freqs);
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan trigger failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
#ifdef HOSTAPD
		if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
			/*
			 * mac80211 does not allow scan requests in AP mode, so
			 * try to do this in station mode.
			 */
			if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv,
							IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA))
				goto nla_put_failure;

			if (wpa_driver_nl80211_scan(drv, params)) {
				wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv,
							    IEEE80211_MODE_AP);
				goto nla_put_failure;
			}

			/* Restore AP mode when processing scan results */
			drv->ap_scan_as_station = 1;
			ret = 0;
		} else
			goto nla_put_failure;
#else /* HOSTAPD */
		goto nla_put_failure;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
	}

	/* Not all drivers generate "scan completed" wireless event, so try to
	 * read results after a timeout. */
	timeout = 10;
	if (drv->scan_complete_events) {
		/*
		 * The driver seems to deliver events to notify when scan is
		 * complete, so use longer timeout to avoid race conditions
		 * with scanning and following association request.
		 */
		timeout = 30;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "Scan requested (ret=%d) - scan timeout %d "
		   "seconds", ret, timeout);
	eloop_cancel_timeout(wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout, drv, drv->ctx);
	eloop_register_timeout(timeout, 0, wpa_driver_nl80211_scan_timeout,
			       drv, drv->ctx);

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(ssids);
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	nlmsg_free(freqs);
	return ret;
}


static int bss_info_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct nlattr *bss[NL80211_BSS_MAX + 1];
	static struct nla_policy bss_policy[NL80211_BSS_MAX + 1] = {
		[NL80211_BSS_BSSID] = { .type = NLA_UNSPEC },
		[NL80211_BSS_FREQUENCY] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_BSS_TSF] = { .type = NLA_U64 },
		[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_INTERVAL] = { .type = NLA_U16 },
		[NL80211_BSS_CAPABILITY] = { .type = NLA_U16 },
		[NL80211_BSS_INFORMATION_ELEMENTS] = { .type = NLA_UNSPEC },
		[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_MBM] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_UNSPEC] = { .type = NLA_U8 },
		[NL80211_BSS_STATUS] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_BSS_SEEN_MS_AGO] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_IES] = { .type = NLA_UNSPEC },
	};
	struct wpa_scan_results *res = arg;
	struct wpa_scan_res **tmp;
	struct wpa_scan_res *r;
	const u8 *ie, *beacon_ie;
	size_t ie_len, beacon_ie_len;
	u8 *pos;

	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);
	if (!tb[NL80211_ATTR_BSS])
		return NL_SKIP;
	if (nla_parse_nested(bss, NL80211_BSS_MAX, tb[NL80211_ATTR_BSS],
			     bss_policy))
		return NL_SKIP;
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_INFORMATION_ELEMENTS]) {
		ie = nla_data(bss[NL80211_BSS_INFORMATION_ELEMENTS]);
		ie_len = nla_len(bss[NL80211_BSS_INFORMATION_ELEMENTS]);
	} else {
		ie = NULL;
		ie_len = 0;
	}
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_IES]) {
		beacon_ie = nla_data(bss[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_IES]);
		beacon_ie_len = nla_len(bss[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_IES]);
	} else {
		beacon_ie = NULL;
		beacon_ie_len = 0;
	}

	r = os_zalloc(sizeof(*r) + ie_len + beacon_ie_len);
	if (r == NULL)
		return NL_SKIP;
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_BSSID])
		os_memcpy(r->bssid, nla_data(bss[NL80211_BSS_BSSID]),
			  ETH_ALEN);
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_FREQUENCY])
		r->freq = nla_get_u32(bss[NL80211_BSS_FREQUENCY]);
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_INTERVAL])
		r->beacon_int = nla_get_u16(bss[NL80211_BSS_BEACON_INTERVAL]);
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_CAPABILITY])
		r->caps = nla_get_u16(bss[NL80211_BSS_CAPABILITY]);
	r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_NOISE_INVALID;
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_MBM]) {
		r->level = nla_get_u32(bss[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_MBM]);
		r->level /= 100; /* mBm to dBm */
		r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_LEVEL_DBM | WPA_SCAN_QUAL_INVALID;
	} else if (bss[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_UNSPEC]) {
		r->level = nla_get_u8(bss[NL80211_BSS_SIGNAL_UNSPEC]);
		r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_LEVEL_INVALID;
	} else
		r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_LEVEL_INVALID | WPA_SCAN_QUAL_INVALID;
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_TSF])
		r->tsf = nla_get_u64(bss[NL80211_BSS_TSF]);
	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_SEEN_MS_AGO])
		r->age = nla_get_u32(bss[NL80211_BSS_SEEN_MS_AGO]);
	r->ie_len = ie_len;
	pos = (u8 *) (r + 1);
	if (ie) {
		os_memcpy(pos, ie, ie_len);
		pos += ie_len;
	}
	r->beacon_ie_len = beacon_ie_len;
	if (beacon_ie)
		os_memcpy(pos, beacon_ie, beacon_ie_len);

	if (bss[NL80211_BSS_STATUS]) {
		enum nl80211_bss_status status;
		status = nla_get_u32(bss[NL80211_BSS_STATUS]);
		switch (status) {
		case NL80211_BSS_STATUS_AUTHENTICATED:
			r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_AUTHENTICATED;
			break;
		case NL80211_BSS_STATUS_ASSOCIATED:
			r->flags |= WPA_SCAN_ASSOCIATED;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}

	tmp = os_realloc(res->res,
			 (res->num + 1) * sizeof(struct wpa_scan_res *));
	if (tmp == NULL) {
		os_free(r);
		return NL_SKIP;
	}
	tmp[res->num++] = r;
	res->res = tmp;

	return NL_SKIP;
}


static void clear_state_mismatch(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 const u8 *addr)
{
	if (drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Clear possible state "
			   "mismatch (" MACSTR ")", MAC2STR(addr));
		wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(drv, addr,
					NL80211_CMD_DEAUTHENTICATE,
					WLAN_REASON_PREV_AUTH_NOT_VALID);
	}
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_check_bss_status(
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, struct wpa_scan_results *res)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < res->num; i++) {
		struct wpa_scan_res *r = res->res[i];
		if (r->flags & WPA_SCAN_AUTHENTICATED) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan results "
				   "indicates BSS status with " MACSTR
				   " as authenticated",
				   MAC2STR(r->bssid));
			if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION &&
			    os_memcmp(r->bssid, drv->bssid, ETH_ALEN) != 0 &&
			    os_memcmp(r->bssid, drv->auth_bssid, ETH_ALEN) !=
			    0) {
				wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Unknown BSSID"
					   " in local state (auth=" MACSTR
					   " assoc=" MACSTR ")",
					   MAC2STR(drv->auth_bssid),
					   MAC2STR(drv->bssid));
				clear_state_mismatch(drv, r->bssid);
			}
		}

		if (r->flags & WPA_SCAN_ASSOCIATED) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan results "
				   "indicate BSS status with " MACSTR
				   " as associated",
				   MAC2STR(r->bssid));
			if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION &&
			    !drv->associated) {
				wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Local state "
					   "(not associated) does not match "
					   "with BSS state");
				clear_state_mismatch(drv, r->bssid);
			} else if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION &&
				   os_memcmp(drv->bssid, r->bssid, ETH_ALEN) !=
				   0) {
				wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Local state "
					   "(associated with " MACSTR ") does "
					   "not match with BSS state",
					   MAC2STR(drv->bssid));
				clear_state_mismatch(drv, r->bssid);
				clear_state_mismatch(drv, drv->bssid);
			}
		}
	}
}


static void wpa_scan_results_free(struct wpa_scan_results *res)
{
	size_t i;

	if (res == NULL)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < res->num; i++)
		os_free(res->res[i]);
	os_free(res->res);
	os_free(res);
}


static struct wpa_scan_results *
nl80211_get_scan_results(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	struct wpa_scan_results *res;
	int ret;

	res = os_zalloc(sizeof(*res));
	if (res == NULL)
		return NULL;
	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, NLM_F_DUMP,
		    NL80211_CMD_GET_SCAN, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, bss_info_handler, res);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret == 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "Received scan results (%lu BSSes)",
			   (unsigned long) res->num);
		return res;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan result fetch failed: ret=%d "
		   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	wpa_scan_results_free(res);
	return NULL;
}


/**
 * wpa_driver_nl80211_get_scan_results - Fetch the latest scan results
 * @priv: Pointer to private wext data from wpa_driver_nl80211_init()
 * Returns: Scan results on success, -1 on failure
 */
static struct wpa_scan_results *
wpa_driver_nl80211_get_scan_results(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct wpa_scan_results *res;

	res = nl80211_get_scan_results(drv);
	if (res)
		wpa_driver_nl80211_check_bss_status(drv, res);
	return res;
}


static void nl80211_dump_scan(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct wpa_scan_results *res;
	size_t i;

	res = nl80211_get_scan_results(drv);
	if (res == NULL) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to get scan results");
		return;
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scan result dump");
	for (i = 0; i < res->num; i++) {
		struct wpa_scan_res *r = res->res[i];
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: %d/%d " MACSTR "%s%s",
			   (int) i, (int) res->num, MAC2STR(r->bssid),
			   r->flags & WPA_SCAN_AUTHENTICATED ? " [auth]" : "",
			   r->flags & WPA_SCAN_ASSOCIATED ? " [assoc]" : "");
	}

	wpa_scan_results_free(res);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_key(const char *ifname, void *priv,
				      enum wpa_alg alg, const u8 *addr,
				      int key_idx, int set_tx,
				      const u8 *seq, size_t seq_len,
				      const u8 *key, size_t key_len)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ifindex = if_nametoindex(ifname);
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "%s: ifindex=%d alg=%d addr=%p key_idx=%d "
		   "set_tx=%d seq_len=%lu key_len=%lu",
		   __func__, ifindex, alg, addr, key_idx, set_tx,
		   (unsigned long) seq_len, (unsigned long) key_len);

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (alg == WPA_ALG_NONE) {
		genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
			    0, NL80211_CMD_DEL_KEY, 0);
	} else {
		genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
			    0, NL80211_CMD_NEW_KEY, 0);
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_DATA, key_len, key);
		switch (alg) {
		case WPA_ALG_WEP:
			if (key_len == 5)
				NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_CIPHER,
					    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP40);
			else
				NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_CIPHER,
					    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP104);
			break;
		case WPA_ALG_TKIP:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_TKIP);
			break;
		case WPA_ALG_CCMP:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_CCMP);
			break;
		case WPA_ALG_IGTK:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_AES_CMAC);
			break;
		default:
			wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "%s: Unsupported encryption "
				   "algorithm %d", __func__, alg);
			nlmsg_free(msg);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	if (seq && seq_len)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ, seq_len, seq);

	if (addr && os_memcmp(addr, "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff", ETH_ALEN) != 0)
	{
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "   addr=" MACSTR, MAC2STR(addr));
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);
	}
	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_IDX, key_idx);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifindex);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret == -ENOENT && alg == WPA_ALG_NONE)
		ret = 0;
	if (ret)
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: set_key failed; err=%d %s)",
			   ret, strerror(-ret));

	/*
	 * If we failed or don't need to set the default TX key (below),
	 * we're done here.
	 */
	if (ret || !set_tx || alg == WPA_ALG_NONE)
		return ret;
#ifdef HOSTAPD /* FIX: is this needed? */
	if (addr)
		return ret;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_KEY, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_IDX, key_idx);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifindex);
	if (alg == WPA_ALG_IGTK)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_DEFAULT_MGMT);
	else
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_DEFAULT);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret == -ENOENT)
		ret = 0;
	if (ret)
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: set_key default failed; "
			   "err=%d %s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
	return ret;

nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int nl_add_key(struct nl_msg *msg, enum wpa_alg alg,
		      int key_idx, int defkey,
		      const u8 *seq, size_t seq_len,
		      const u8 *key, size_t key_len)
{
	struct nlattr *key_attr = nla_nest_start(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY);
	if (!key_attr)
		return -1;

	if (defkey && alg == WPA_ALG_IGTK)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_KEY_DEFAULT_MGMT);
	else if (defkey)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_KEY_DEFAULT);

	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_KEY_IDX, key_idx);

	switch (alg) {
	case WPA_ALG_WEP:
		if (key_len == 5)
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP40);
		else
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP104);
		break;
	case WPA_ALG_TKIP:
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER, WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_TKIP);
		break;
	case WPA_ALG_CCMP:
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER, WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_CCMP);
		break;
	case WPA_ALG_IGTK:
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER,
			    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_AES_CMAC);
		break;
	default:
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "%s: Unsupported encryption "
			   "algorithm %d", __func__, alg);
		return -1;
	}

	if (seq && seq_len)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_KEY_SEQ, seq_len, seq);

	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_KEY_DATA, key_len, key);

	nla_nest_end(msg, key_attr);

	return 0;
 nla_put_failure:
	return -1;
}


static int nl80211_set_conn_keys(struct wpa_driver_associate_params *params,
				 struct nl_msg *msg)
{
	int i, privacy = 0;
	struct nlattr *nl_keys, *nl_key;

	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!params->wep_key[i])
			continue;
		privacy = 1;
		break;
	}
	if (!privacy)
		return 0;

	NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_ATTR_PRIVACY);

	nl_keys = nla_nest_start(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEYS);
	if (!nl_keys)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!params->wep_key[i])
			continue;

		nl_key = nla_nest_start(msg, i);
		if (!nl_key)
			goto nla_put_failure;

		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_KEY_DATA, params->wep_key_len[i],
			params->wep_key[i]);
		if (params->wep_key_len[i] == 5)
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP40);
		else
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_KEY_CIPHER,
				    WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP104);

		NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_KEY_IDX, i);

		if (i == params->wep_tx_keyidx)
			NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_KEY_DEFAULT);

		nla_nest_end(msg, nl_key);
	}
	nla_nest_end(msg, nl_keys);

	return 0;

nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				   const u8 *addr, int cmd, u16 reason_code)
{
	int ret = -1;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0, cmd, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_ATTR_REASON_CODE, reason_code);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME command failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_disconnect(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					 const u8 *addr, int reason_code)
{
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "%s", __func__);
	drv->associated = 0;
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(drv, addr, NL80211_CMD_DISCONNECT,
				       reason_code);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_deauthenticate(void *priv, const u8 *addr,
					     int reason_code)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (!(drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME))
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_disconnect(drv, addr, reason_code);
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "%s", __func__);
	drv->associated = 0;
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(drv, addr, NL80211_CMD_DEAUTHENTICATE,
				       reason_code);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_disassociate(void *priv, const u8 *addr,
					   int reason_code)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (!(drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME))
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_disconnect(drv, addr, reason_code);
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "%s", __func__);
	drv->associated = 0;
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_mlme(drv, addr, NL80211_CMD_DISASSOCIATE,
				       reason_code);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_authenticate(
	void *priv, struct wpa_driver_auth_params *params)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ret = -1, i;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	enum nl80211_auth_type type;
	int count = 0;

	drv->associated = 0;
	os_memset(drv->auth_bssid, 0, ETH_ALEN);
	/* FIX: IBSS mode */
	if (drv->nlmode != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION)
		wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(priv, IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA);

	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA) < 0)
		return -1;

retry:
	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Authenticate (ifindex=%d)",
		   drv->ifindex);

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_AUTHENTICATE, 0);

	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!params->wep_key[i])
			continue;
		wpa_driver_nl80211_set_key(drv->ifname, drv, WPA_ALG_WEP, NULL,
					   i,
					   i == params->wep_tx_keyidx, NULL, 0,
					   params->wep_key[i],
					   params->wep_key_len[i]);
		if (params->wep_tx_keyidx != i)
			continue;
		if (nl_add_key(msg, WPA_ALG_WEP, i, 1, NULL, 0,
			       params->wep_key[i], params->wep_key_len[i])) {
			nlmsg_free(msg);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	if (params->bssid) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * bssid=" MACSTR,
			   MAC2STR(params->bssid));
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, params->bssid);
	}
	if (params->freq) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * freq=%d", params->freq);
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, params->freq);
	}
	if (params->ssid) {
		wpa_hexdump_ascii(MSG_DEBUG, "  * SSID",
				  params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SSID, params->ssid_len,
			params->ssid);
	}
	wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "  * IEs", params->ie, params->ie_len);
	if (params->ie)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IE, params->ie_len, params->ie);
	/*
	 * TODO: if multiple auth_alg options enabled, try them one by one if
	 * the AP rejects authentication due to unknown auth alg
	 */
	if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_OPEN)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_OPEN_SYSTEM;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_SHARED)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_SHARED_KEY;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_LEAP)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_NETWORK_EAP;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_FT)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_FT;
	else
		goto nla_put_failure;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * Auth Type %d", type);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_AUTH_TYPE, type);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME command failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		count++;
		if (ret == -EALREADY && count == 1 && params->bssid) {
			/*
			 * mac80211 does not currently accept new
			 * authentication if we are already authenticated. As a
			 * workaround, force deauthentication and try again.
			 */
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Retry authentication "
				   "after forced deauthentication");
			wpa_driver_nl80211_deauthenticate(
				drv, params->bssid,
				WLAN_REASON_PREV_AUTH_NOT_VALID);
			nlmsg_free(msg);
			goto retry;
		}
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Authentication request send "
		   "successfully");

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


struct phy_info_arg {
	u16 *num_modes;
	struct hostapd_hw_modes *modes;
};

static int phy_info_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb_msg[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct phy_info_arg *phy_info = arg;

	struct nlattr *tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_MAX + 1];

	struct nlattr *tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	static struct nla_policy freq_policy[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX + 1] = {
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_FREQ] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_DISABLED] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_PASSIVE_SCAN] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_NO_IBSS] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_RADAR] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
		[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX_TX_POWER] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
	};

	struct nlattr *tb_rate[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	static struct nla_policy rate_policy[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_MAX + 1] = {
		[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_RATE] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_2GHZ_SHORTPREAMBLE] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
	};

	struct nlattr *nl_band;
	struct nlattr *nl_freq;
	struct nlattr *nl_rate;
	int rem_band, rem_freq, rem_rate;
	struct hostapd_hw_modes *mode;
	int idx, mode_is_set;

	nla_parse(tb_msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);

	if (!tb_msg[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_BANDS])
		return NL_SKIP;

	nla_for_each_nested(nl_band, tb_msg[NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_BANDS], rem_band) {
		mode = os_realloc(phy_info->modes, (*phy_info->num_modes + 1) * sizeof(*mode));
		if (!mode)
			return NL_SKIP;
		phy_info->modes = mode;

		mode_is_set = 0;

		mode = &phy_info->modes[*(phy_info->num_modes)];
		memset(mode, 0, sizeof(*mode));
		*(phy_info->num_modes) += 1;

		nla_parse(tb_band, NL80211_BAND_ATTR_MAX, nla_data(nl_band),
			  nla_len(nl_band), NULL);

		if (tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_CAPA]) {
			mode->ht_capab = nla_get_u16(
				tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_CAPA]);
		}

		if (tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_AMPDU_FACTOR]) {
			mode->a_mpdu_params |= nla_get_u8(
				tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_AMPDU_FACTOR]) &
				0x03;
		}

		if (tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_AMPDU_DENSITY]) {
			mode->a_mpdu_params |= nla_get_u8(
				tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_AMPDU_DENSITY]) <<
				2;
		}

		if (tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_MCS_SET] &&
		    nla_len(tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_MCS_SET])) {
			u8 *mcs;
			mcs = nla_data(tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_HT_MCS_SET]);
			os_memcpy(mode->mcs_set, mcs, 16);
		}

		nla_for_each_nested(nl_freq, tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_FREQS], rem_freq) {
			nla_parse(tb_freq, NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX, nla_data(nl_freq),
				  nla_len(nl_freq), freq_policy);
			if (!tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_FREQ])
				continue;
			mode->num_channels++;
		}

		mode->channels = os_zalloc(mode->num_channels * sizeof(struct hostapd_channel_data));
		if (!mode->channels)
			return NL_SKIP;

		idx = 0;

		nla_for_each_nested(nl_freq, tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_FREQS], rem_freq) {
			nla_parse(tb_freq, NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX, nla_data(nl_freq),
				  nla_len(nl_freq), freq_policy);
			if (!tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_FREQ])
				continue;

			mode->channels[idx].freq = nla_get_u32(tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_FREQ]);
			mode->channels[idx].flag = 0;

			if (!mode_is_set) {
				/* crude heuristic */
				if (mode->channels[idx].freq < 4000)
					mode->mode = HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211B;
				else
					mode->mode = HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211A;
				mode_is_set = 1;
			}

			/* crude heuristic */
			if (mode->channels[idx].freq < 4000)
				if (mode->channels[idx].freq == 2484)
					mode->channels[idx].chan = 14;
				else
					mode->channels[idx].chan = (mode->channels[idx].freq - 2407) / 5;
			else
				mode->channels[idx].chan = mode->channels[idx].freq/5 - 1000;

			if (tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_DISABLED])
				mode->channels[idx].flag |=
					HOSTAPD_CHAN_DISABLED;
			if (tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_PASSIVE_SCAN])
				mode->channels[idx].flag |=
					HOSTAPD_CHAN_PASSIVE_SCAN;
			if (tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_NO_IBSS])
				mode->channels[idx].flag |=
					HOSTAPD_CHAN_NO_IBSS;
			if (tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_RADAR])
				mode->channels[idx].flag |=
					HOSTAPD_CHAN_RADAR;

			if (tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX_TX_POWER] &&
			    !tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_DISABLED])
				mode->channels[idx].max_tx_power =
					nla_get_u32(tb_freq[NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_MAX_TX_POWER]) / 100;

			idx++;
		}

		nla_for_each_nested(nl_rate, tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_RATES], rem_rate) {
			nla_parse(tb_rate, NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_MAX, nla_data(nl_rate),
				  nla_len(nl_rate), rate_policy);
			if (!tb_rate[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_RATE])
				continue;
			mode->num_rates++;
		}

		mode->rates = os_zalloc(mode->num_rates * sizeof(int));
		if (!mode->rates)
			return NL_SKIP;

		idx = 0;

		nla_for_each_nested(nl_rate, tb_band[NL80211_BAND_ATTR_RATES], rem_rate) {
			nla_parse(tb_rate, NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_MAX, nla_data(nl_rate),
				  nla_len(nl_rate), rate_policy);
			if (!tb_rate[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_RATE])
				continue;
			mode->rates[idx] = nla_get_u32(tb_rate[NL80211_BITRATE_ATTR_RATE]);

			/* crude heuristic */
			if (mode->mode == HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211B &&
			    mode->rates[idx] > 200)
				mode->mode = HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211G;

			idx++;
		}
	}

	return NL_SKIP;
}

static struct hostapd_hw_modes *
wpa_driver_nl80211_add_11b(struct hostapd_hw_modes *modes, u16 *num_modes)
{
	u16 m;
	struct hostapd_hw_modes *mode11g = NULL, *nmodes, *mode;
	int i, mode11g_idx = -1;

	/* If only 802.11g mode is included, use it to construct matching
	 * 802.11b mode data. */

	for (m = 0; m < *num_modes; m++) {
		if (modes[m].mode == HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211B)
			return modes; /* 802.11b already included */
		if (modes[m].mode == HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211G)
			mode11g_idx = m;
	}

	if (mode11g_idx < 0)
		return modes; /* 2.4 GHz band not supported at all */

	nmodes = os_realloc(modes, (*num_modes + 1) * sizeof(*nmodes));
	if (nmodes == NULL)
		return modes; /* Could not add 802.11b mode */

	mode = &nmodes[*num_modes];
	os_memset(mode, 0, sizeof(*mode));
	(*num_modes)++;
	modes = nmodes;

	mode->mode = HOSTAPD_MODE_IEEE80211B;

	mode11g = &modes[mode11g_idx];
	mode->num_channels = mode11g->num_channels;
	mode->channels = os_malloc(mode11g->num_channels *
				   sizeof(struct hostapd_channel_data));
	if (mode->channels == NULL) {
		(*num_modes)--;
		return modes; /* Could not add 802.11b mode */
	}
	os_memcpy(mode->channels, mode11g->channels,
		  mode11g->num_channels * sizeof(struct hostapd_channel_data));

	mode->num_rates = 0;
	mode->rates = os_malloc(4 * sizeof(int));
	if (mode->rates == NULL) {
		os_free(mode->channels);
		(*num_modes)--;
		return modes; /* Could not add 802.11b mode */
	}

	for (i = 0; i < mode11g->num_rates; i++) {
		if (mode11g->rates[i] != 10 && mode11g->rates[i] != 20 &&
		    mode11g->rates[i] != 55 && mode11g->rates[i] != 110)
			continue;
		mode->rates[mode->num_rates] = mode11g->rates[i];
		mode->num_rates++;
		if (mode->num_rates == 4)
			break;
	}

	if (mode->num_rates == 0) {
		os_free(mode->channels);
		os_free(mode->rates);
		(*num_modes)--;
		return modes; /* No 802.11b rates */
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Added 802.11b mode based on 802.11g "
		   "information");

	return modes;
}


static struct hostapd_hw_modes *
wpa_driver_nl80211_get_hw_feature_data(void *priv, u16 *num_modes, u16 *flags)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	struct phy_info_arg result = {
		.num_modes = num_modes,
		.modes = NULL,
	};

	*num_modes = 0;
	*flags = 0;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return NULL;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_GET_WIPHY, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	if (send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, phy_info_handler, &result) == 0)
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_add_11b(result.modes, num_modes);
 nla_put_failure:
	return NULL;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_send_frame(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
					 const void *data, size_t len,
					 int encrypt)
{
	__u8 rtap_hdr[] = {
		0x00, 0x00, /* radiotap version */
		0x0e, 0x00, /* radiotap length */
		0x02, 0xc0, 0x00, 0x00, /* bmap: flags, tx and rx flags */
		IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_F_FRAG, /* F_FRAG (fragment if required) */
		0x00,       /* padding */
		0x00, 0x00, /* RX and TX flags to indicate that */
		0x00, 0x00, /* this is the injected frame directly */
	};
	struct iovec iov[2] = {
		{
			.iov_base = &rtap_hdr,
			.iov_len = sizeof(rtap_hdr),
		},
		{
			.iov_base = (void *) data,
			.iov_len = len,
		}
	};
	struct msghdr msg = {
		.msg_name = NULL,
		.msg_namelen = 0,
		.msg_iov = iov,
		.msg_iovlen = 2,
		.msg_control = NULL,
		.msg_controllen = 0,
		.msg_flags = 0,
	};

	if (encrypt)
		rtap_hdr[8] |= IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_F_WEP;

	return sendmsg(drv->monitor_sock, &msg, 0);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_send_mlme(void *priv, const u8 *data,
					size_t data_len)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	int encrypt = 1;
	u16 fc;

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) data;
	fc = le_to_host16(mgmt->frame_control);

	if (WLAN_FC_GET_TYPE(fc) == WLAN_FC_TYPE_MGMT &&
	    WLAN_FC_GET_STYPE(fc) == WLAN_FC_STYPE_AUTH) {
		/*
		 * Only one of the authentication frame types is encrypted.
		 * In order for static WEP encryption to work properly (i.e.,
		 * to not encrypt the frame), we need to tell mac80211 about
		 * the frames that must not be encrypted.
		 */
		u16 auth_alg = le_to_host16(mgmt->u.auth.auth_alg);
		u16 auth_trans = le_to_host16(mgmt->u.auth.auth_transaction);
		if (auth_alg != WLAN_AUTH_SHARED_KEY || auth_trans != 3)
			encrypt = 0;
	}

	return wpa_driver_nl80211_send_frame(drv, data, data_len, encrypt);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_beacon(const char *ifname, void *priv,
					 const u8 *head, size_t head_len,
					 const u8 *tail, size_t tail_len,
					 int dtim_period, int beacon_int)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	u8 cmd = NL80211_CMD_NEW_BEACON;
	int ret;
	int beacon_set;
	int ifindex = if_nametoindex(ifname);
#ifdef HOSTAPD
	struct i802_bss *bss;

	bss = get_bss(drv, ifindex);
	if (bss == NULL)
		return -ENOENT;
	beacon_set = bss->beacon_set;
#else /* HOSTAPD */
	beacon_set = drv->beacon_set;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Set beacon (beacon_set=%d)",
		   beacon_set);
	if (beacon_set)
		cmd = NL80211_CMD_SET_BEACON;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, cmd, 0);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BEACON_HEAD, head_len, head);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BEACON_TAIL, tail_len, tail);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BEACON_INTERVAL, beacon_int);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_DTIM_PERIOD, dtim_period);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Beacon set failed: %d (%s)",
			   ret, strerror(-ret));
	} else {
#ifdef HOSTAPD
		bss->beacon_set = 1;
#else /* HOSTAPD */
		drv->beacon_set = 1;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
	}
	return ret;
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_freq(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				       int freq, int ht_enabled,
				       int sec_channel_offset)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_SET_WIPHY, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, freq);
	if (ht_enabled) {
		switch (sec_channel_offset) {
		case -1:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_CHANNEL_TYPE,
				    NL80211_CHAN_HT40MINUS);
			break;
		case 1:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_CHANNEL_TYPE,
				    NL80211_CHAN_HT40PLUS);
			break;
		default:
			NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_CHANNEL_TYPE,
				    NL80211_CHAN_HT20);
			break;
		}
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret == 0)
		return 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to set channel (freq=%d): "
		   "%d (%s)", freq, ret, strerror(-ret));
nla_put_failure:
	return -1;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_add(const char *ifname, void *priv,
				      struct hostapd_sta_add_params *params)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -ENOBUFS;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_NEW_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(ifname));
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, params->addr);
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_AID, params->aid);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_SUPPORTED_RATES, params->supp_rates_len,
		params->supp_rates);
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_LISTEN_INTERVAL,
		    params->listen_interval);
	if (params->ht_capabilities) {
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_HT_CAPABILITY,
			sizeof(*params->ht_capabilities),
			params->ht_capabilities);
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret)
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: NL80211_CMD_NEW_STATION "
			   "result: %d (%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
	if (ret == -EEXIST)
		ret = 0;
 nla_put_failure:
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_remove(void *priv, const u8 *addr)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_DEL_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX,
		    if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret == -ENOENT)
		return 0;
	return ret;
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static void nl80211_remove_iface(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 int ifidx)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Remove interface ifindex=%d", ifidx);

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	/* stop listening for EAPOL on this interface */
	del_ifidx(drv, ifidx);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_DEL_INTERFACE, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifidx);

	if (send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL) == 0)
		return;
 nla_put_failure:
	wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "Failed to remove interface (ifidx=%d)", ifidx);
}


static int nl80211_create_iface_once(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				     const char *ifname,
				     enum nl80211_iftype iftype,
				     const u8 *addr, int wds)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg, *flags = NULL;
	int ifidx;
	int ret = -ENOBUFS;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_NEW_INTERFACE, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_STRING(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFNAME, ifname);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFTYPE, iftype);

	if (iftype == NL80211_IFTYPE_MONITOR) {
		int err;

		flags = nlmsg_alloc();
		if (!flags)
			goto nla_put_failure;

		NLA_PUT_FLAG(flags, NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_COOK_FRAMES);

		err = nla_put_nested(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MNTR_FLAGS, flags);

		nlmsg_free(flags);

		if (err)
			goto nla_put_failure;
	} else if (wds) {
		NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_4ADDR, wds);
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret) {
 nla_put_failure:
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "Failed to create interface %s: %d (%s)",
			   ifname, ret, strerror(-ret));
		return ret;
	}

	ifidx = if_nametoindex(ifname);
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: New interface %s created: ifindex=%d",
		   ifname, ifidx);

	if (ifidx <= 0)
		return -1;

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	/* start listening for EAPOL on this interface */
	add_ifidx(drv, ifidx);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	if (addr && iftype != NL80211_IFTYPE_MONITOR &&
	    linux_set_ifhwaddr(drv->ioctl_sock, ifname, addr)) {
		nl80211_remove_iface(drv, ifidx);
		return -1;
	}

	return ifidx;
}


static int nl80211_create_iface(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				const char *ifname, enum nl80211_iftype iftype,
				const u8 *addr, int wds)
{
	int ret;

	ret = nl80211_create_iface_once(drv, ifname, iftype, addr, wds);

	/* if error occured and interface exists already */
	if (ret == -ENFILE && if_nametoindex(ifname)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "Try to remove and re-create %s", ifname);

		/* Try to remove the interface that was already there. */
		nl80211_remove_iface(drv, if_nametoindex(ifname));

		/* Try to create the interface again */
		ret = nl80211_create_iface_once(drv, ifname, iftype, addr,
						wds);
	}

	if (ret >= 0 && drv->disable_11b_rates)
		nl80211_disable_11b_rates(drv, ret, 1);

	return ret;
}


static void handle_tx_callback(void *ctx, u8 *buf, size_t len, int ok)
{
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr;
	u16 fc;
	union wpa_event_data event;

	hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) buf;
	fc = le_to_host16(hdr->frame_control);

	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	event.tx_status.type = WLAN_FC_GET_TYPE(fc);
	event.tx_status.stype = WLAN_FC_GET_STYPE(fc);
	event.tx_status.dst = hdr->addr1;
	event.tx_status.data = buf;
	event.tx_status.data_len = len;
	event.tx_status.ack = ok;
	wpa_supplicant_event(ctx, EVENT_TX_STATUS, &event);
}


static void from_unknown_sta(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			     u8 *buf, size_t len)
{
	union wpa_event_data event;
	os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
	event.rx_from_unknown.frame = buf;
	event.rx_from_unknown.len = len;
	wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_RX_FROM_UNKNOWN, &event);
}


static void handle_frame(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			 u8 *buf, size_t len, int datarate, int ssi_signal)
{
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr;
	u16 fc;
	union wpa_event_data event;

	hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) buf;
	fc = le_to_host16(hdr->frame_control);

	switch (WLAN_FC_GET_TYPE(fc)) {
	case WLAN_FC_TYPE_MGMT:
		os_memset(&event, 0, sizeof(event));
		event.rx_mgmt.frame = buf;
		event.rx_mgmt.frame_len = len;
		event.rx_mgmt.datarate = datarate;
		event.rx_mgmt.ssi_signal = ssi_signal;
		wpa_supplicant_event(drv->ctx, EVENT_RX_MGMT, &event);
		break;
	case WLAN_FC_TYPE_CTRL:
		/* can only get here with PS-Poll frames */
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "CTRL");
		from_unknown_sta(drv, buf, len);
		break;
	case WLAN_FC_TYPE_DATA:
		from_unknown_sta(drv, buf, len);
		break;
	}
}


static void handle_monitor_read(int sock, void *eloop_ctx, void *sock_ctx)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = eloop_ctx;
	int len;
	unsigned char buf[3000];
	struct ieee80211_radiotap_iterator iter;
	int ret;
	int datarate = 0, ssi_signal = 0;
	int injected = 0, failed = 0, rxflags = 0;

	len = recv(sock, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
	if (len < 0) {
		perror("recv");
		return;
	}

	if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION && !drv->probe_req_report) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Ignore monitor interface "
			   "frame since Probe Request reporting is disabled");
		return;
	}

	if (ieee80211_radiotap_iterator_init(&iter, (void*)buf, len)) {
		printf("received invalid radiotap frame\n");
		return;
	}

	while (1) {
		ret = ieee80211_radiotap_iterator_next(&iter);
		if (ret == -ENOENT)
			break;
		if (ret) {
			printf("received invalid radiotap frame (%d)\n", ret);
			return;
		}
		switch (iter.this_arg_index) {
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_FLAGS:
			if (*iter.this_arg & IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_F_FCS)
				len -= 4;
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_RX_FLAGS:
			rxflags = 1;
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_TX_FLAGS:
			injected = 1;
			failed = le_to_host16((*(uint16_t *) iter.this_arg)) &
					IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_F_TX_FAIL;
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_DATA_RETRIES:
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_CHANNEL:
			/* TODO: convert from freq/flags to channel number */
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_RATE:
			datarate = *iter.this_arg * 5;
			break;
		case IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_DB_ANTSIGNAL:
			ssi_signal = *iter.this_arg;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (rxflags && injected)
		return;

	if (!injected)
		handle_frame(drv, buf + iter.max_length,
			     len - iter.max_length, datarate, ssi_signal);
	else
		handle_tx_callback(drv->ctx, buf + iter.max_length,
				   len - iter.max_length, !failed);
}


/*
 * we post-process the filter code later and rewrite
 * this to the offset to the last instruction
 */
#define PASS	0xFF
#define FAIL	0xFE

static struct sock_filter msock_filter_insns[] = {
	/*
	 * do a little-endian load of the radiotap length field
	 */
	/* load lower byte into A */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_B | BPF_ABS, 2),
	/* put it into X (== index register) */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_MISC| BPF_TAX, 0),
	/* load upper byte into A */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_B | BPF_ABS, 3),
	/* left-shift it by 8 */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_K, 8),
	/* or with X */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU | BPF_OR | BPF_X, 0),
	/* put result into X */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_MISC| BPF_TAX, 0),

	/*
	 * Allow management frames through, this also gives us those
	 * management frames that we sent ourselves with status
	 */
	/* load the lower byte of the IEEE 802.11 frame control field */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_B | BPF_IND, 0),
	/* mask off frame type and version */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU | BPF_AND | BPF_K, 0xF),
	/* accept frame if it's both 0, fall through otherwise */
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K, 0, PASS, 0),

	/*
	 * TODO: add a bit to radiotap RX flags that indicates
	 * that the sending station is not associated, then
	 * add a filter here that filters on our DA and that flag
	 * to allow us to deauth frames to that bad station.
	 *
	 * Not a regression -- we didn't do it before either.
	 */

#if 0
	/*
	 * drop non-data frames
	 */
	/* load the lower byte of the frame control field */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD   | BPF_B | BPF_IND, 0),
	/* mask off QoS bit */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_AND | BPF_K, 0x0c),
	/* drop non-data frames */
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP  | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K, 8, 0, FAIL),
#endif
	/* load the upper byte of the frame control field */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD   | BPF_B | BPF_IND, 1),
	/* mask off toDS/fromDS */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_AND | BPF_K, 0x03),
	/* accept WDS frames */
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP  | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K, 3, PASS, 0),

	/*
	 * add header length to index
	 */
	/* load the lower byte of the frame control field */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD   | BPF_B | BPF_IND, 0),
	/* mask off QoS bit */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_AND | BPF_K, 0x80),
	/* right shift it by 6 to give 0 or 2 */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_RSH | BPF_K, 6),
	/* add data frame header length */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_ADD | BPF_K, 24),
	/* add index, was start of 802.11 header */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_ALU  | BPF_ADD | BPF_X, 0),
	/* move to index, now start of LL header */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_MISC | BPF_TAX, 0),

	/*
	 * Accept empty data frames, we use those for
	 * polling activity.
	 */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_W | BPF_LEN, 0),
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_X, 0, PASS, 0),

	/*
	 * Accept EAPOL frames
	 */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_W | BPF_IND, 0),
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K, 0xAAAA0300, 0, FAIL),
	BPF_STMT(BPF_LD  | BPF_W | BPF_IND, 4),
	BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP | BPF_JEQ | BPF_K, 0x0000888E, PASS, FAIL),

	/* keep these last two statements or change the code below */
	/* return 0 == "DROP" */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_RET | BPF_K, 0),
	/* return ~0 == "keep all" */
	BPF_STMT(BPF_RET | BPF_K, ~0),
};

static struct sock_fprog msock_filter = {
	.len = sizeof(msock_filter_insns)/sizeof(msock_filter_insns[0]),
	.filter = msock_filter_insns,
};


static int add_monitor_filter(int s)
{
	int idx;

	/* rewrite all PASS/FAIL jump offsets */
	for (idx = 0; idx < msock_filter.len; idx++) {
		struct sock_filter *insn = &msock_filter_insns[idx];

		if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_JMP) {
			if (insn->code == (BPF_JMP|BPF_JA)) {
				if (insn->k == PASS)
					insn->k = msock_filter.len - idx - 2;
				else if (insn->k == FAIL)
					insn->k = msock_filter.len - idx - 3;
			}

			if (insn->jt == PASS)
				insn->jt = msock_filter.len - idx - 2;
			else if (insn->jt == FAIL)
				insn->jt = msock_filter.len - idx - 3;

			if (insn->jf == PASS)
				insn->jf = msock_filter.len - idx - 2;
			else if (insn->jf == FAIL)
				insn->jf = msock_filter.len - idx - 3;
		}
	}

	if (setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ATTACH_FILTER,
		       &msock_filter, sizeof(msock_filter))) {
		perror("SO_ATTACH_FILTER");
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}


static void nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	if (drv->monitor_ifidx >= 0) {
		nl80211_remove_iface(drv, drv->monitor_ifidx);
		drv->monitor_ifidx = -1;
	}
	if (drv->monitor_sock >= 0) {
		eloop_unregister_read_sock(drv->monitor_sock);
		close(drv->monitor_sock);
		drv->monitor_sock = -1;
	}
}


static int
nl80211_create_monitor_interface(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	char buf[IFNAMSIZ];
	struct sockaddr_ll ll;
	int optval;
	socklen_t optlen;

	snprintf(buf, IFNAMSIZ, "mon.%s", drv->ifname);
	buf[IFNAMSIZ - 1] = '\0';

	drv->monitor_ifidx =
		nl80211_create_iface(drv, buf, NL80211_IFTYPE_MONITOR, NULL,
				     0);

	if (drv->monitor_ifidx < 0)
		return -1;

	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, buf, 1))
		goto error;

	memset(&ll, 0, sizeof(ll));
	ll.sll_family = AF_PACKET;
	ll.sll_ifindex = drv->monitor_ifidx;
	drv->monitor_sock = socket(PF_PACKET, SOCK_RAW, htons(ETH_P_ALL));
	if (drv->monitor_sock < 0) {
		perror("socket[PF_PACKET,SOCK_RAW]");
		goto error;
	}

	if (add_monitor_filter(drv->monitor_sock)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "Failed to set socket filter for monitor "
			   "interface; do filtering in user space");
		/* This works, but will cost in performance. */
	}

	if (bind(drv->monitor_sock, (struct sockaddr *) &ll, sizeof(ll)) < 0) {
		perror("monitor socket bind");
		goto error;
	}

	optlen = sizeof(optval);
	optval = 20;
	if (setsockopt
	    (drv->monitor_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_PRIORITY, &optval, optlen)) {
		perror("Failed to set socket priority");
		goto error;
	}

	if (eloop_register_read_sock(drv->monitor_sock, handle_monitor_read,
				     drv, NULL)) {
		printf("Could not register monitor read socket\n");
		goto error;
	}

	return 0;
 error:
	nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);
	return -1;
}


static const u8 rfc1042_header[6] = { 0xaa, 0xaa, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };

static int wpa_driver_nl80211_hapd_send_eapol(
	void *priv, const u8 *addr, const u8 *data,
	size_t data_len, int encrypt, const u8 *own_addr)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr;
	size_t len;
	u8 *pos;
	int res;
#if 0 /* FIX */
	int qos = sta->flags & WPA_STA_WMM;
#else
	int qos = 0;
#endif

	len = sizeof(*hdr) + (qos ? 2 : 0) + sizeof(rfc1042_header) + 2 +
		data_len;
	hdr = os_zalloc(len);
	if (hdr == NULL) {
		printf("malloc() failed for i802_send_data(len=%lu)\n",
		       (unsigned long) len);
		return -1;
	}

	hdr->frame_control =
		IEEE80211_FC(WLAN_FC_TYPE_DATA, WLAN_FC_STYPE_DATA);
	hdr->frame_control |= host_to_le16(WLAN_FC_FROMDS);
	if (encrypt)
		hdr->frame_control |= host_to_le16(WLAN_FC_ISWEP);
#if 0 /* To be enabled if qos determination is added above */
	if (qos) {
		hdr->frame_control |=
			host_to_le16(WLAN_FC_STYPE_QOS_DATA << 4);
	}
#endif

	memcpy(hdr->IEEE80211_DA_FROMDS, addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(hdr->IEEE80211_BSSID_FROMDS, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(hdr->IEEE80211_SA_FROMDS, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	pos = (u8 *) (hdr + 1);

#if 0 /* To be enabled if qos determination is added above */
	if (qos) {
		/* add an empty QoS header if needed */
		pos[0] = 0;
		pos[1] = 0;
		pos += 2;
	}
#endif

	memcpy(pos, rfc1042_header, sizeof(rfc1042_header));
	pos += sizeof(rfc1042_header);
	WPA_PUT_BE16(pos, ETH_P_PAE);
	pos += 2;
	memcpy(pos, data, data_len);

	res = wpa_driver_nl80211_send_frame(drv, (u8 *) hdr, len, encrypt);
	if (res < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "i802_send_eapol - packet len: %lu - "
			   "failed: %d (%s)",
			   (unsigned long) len, errno, strerror(errno));
	}
	os_free(hdr);

	return res;
}


static u32 sta_flags_nl80211(int flags)
{
	u32 f = 0;

	if (flags & WPA_STA_AUTHORIZED)
		f |= BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED);
	if (flags & WPA_STA_WMM)
		f |= BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_WME);
	if (flags & WPA_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE)
		f |= BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_SHORT_PREAMBLE);
	if (flags & WPA_STA_MFP)
		f |= BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_MFP);

	return f;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_set_flags(void *priv, const u8 *addr,
					    int total_flags, int flags_or,
					    int flags_and)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg, *flags = NULL;
	struct nl80211_sta_flag_update upd;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	flags = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!flags) {
		nlmsg_free(msg);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX,
		    if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);

	/*
	 * Backwards compatibility version using NL80211_ATTR_STA_FLAGS. This
	 * can be removed eventually.
	 */
	if (total_flags & WPA_STA_AUTHORIZED)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(flags, NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED);

	if (total_flags & WPA_STA_WMM)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(flags, NL80211_STA_FLAG_WME);

	if (total_flags & WPA_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(flags, NL80211_STA_FLAG_SHORT_PREAMBLE);

	if (total_flags & WPA_STA_MFP)
		NLA_PUT_FLAG(flags, NL80211_STA_FLAG_MFP);

	if (nla_put_nested(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_FLAGS, flags))
		goto nla_put_failure;

	os_memset(&upd, 0, sizeof(upd));
	upd.mask = sta_flags_nl80211(flags_or | ~flags_and);
	upd.set = sta_flags_nl80211(flags_or);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_FLAGS2, sizeof(upd), &upd);

	nlmsg_free(flags);

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(flags);
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_ap(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 struct wpa_driver_associate_params *params)
{
	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, params->mode) ||
	    wpa_driver_nl80211_set_freq(drv, params->freq, 0, 0)) {
		nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);
		return -1;
	}

	/* TODO: setup monitor interface (and add code somewhere to remove this
	 * when AP mode is stopped; associate with mode != 2 or drv_deinit) */

	return 0;
}


static int nl80211_leave_ibss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -1;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_LEAVE_IBSS, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Leave IBSS failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}

	ret = 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Leave IBSS request sent successfully");

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_ibss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				   struct wpa_driver_associate_params *params)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -1;
	int count = 0;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Join IBSS (ifindex=%d)", drv->ifindex);

	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, params->mode)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_INFO, "nl80211: Failed to set interface into "
			   "IBSS mode");
		return -1;
	}

retry:
	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_JOIN_IBSS, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);

	if (params->ssid == NULL || params->ssid_len > sizeof(drv->ssid))
		goto nla_put_failure;

	wpa_hexdump_ascii(MSG_DEBUG, "  * SSID",
			  params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SSID, params->ssid_len,
		params->ssid);
	os_memcpy(drv->ssid, params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
	drv->ssid_len = params->ssid_len;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * freq=%d", params->freq);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, params->freq);

	ret = nl80211_set_conn_keys(params, msg);
	if (ret)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	if (params->wpa_ie) {
		wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG,
			    "  * Extra IEs for Beacon/Probe Response frames",
			    params->wpa_ie, params->wpa_ie_len);
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IE, params->wpa_ie_len,
			params->wpa_ie);
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Join IBSS failed: ret=%d (%s)",
			   ret, strerror(-ret));
		count++;
		if (ret == -EALREADY && count == 1) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Retry IBSS join after "
				   "forced leave");
			nl80211_leave_ibss(drv);
			nlmsg_free(msg);
			goto retry;
		}

		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Join IBSS request sent successfully");

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_connect(
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
	struct wpa_driver_associate_params *params)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	enum nl80211_auth_type type;
	int ret = 0;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Connect (ifindex=%d)", drv->ifindex);
	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_CONNECT, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	if (params->bssid) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * bssid=" MACSTR,
			   MAC2STR(params->bssid));
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, params->bssid);
	}
	if (params->freq) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * freq=%d", params->freq);
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, params->freq);
	}
	if (params->ssid) {
		wpa_hexdump_ascii(MSG_DEBUG, "  * SSID",
				  params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SSID, params->ssid_len,
			params->ssid);
		if (params->ssid_len > sizeof(drv->ssid))
			goto nla_put_failure;
		os_memcpy(drv->ssid, params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
		drv->ssid_len = params->ssid_len;
	}
	wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "  * IEs", params->wpa_ie, params->wpa_ie_len);
	if (params->wpa_ie)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IE, params->wpa_ie_len,
			params->wpa_ie);

	if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_OPEN)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_OPEN_SYSTEM;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_SHARED)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_SHARED_KEY;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_LEAP)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_NETWORK_EAP;
	else if (params->auth_alg & WPA_AUTH_ALG_FT)
		type = NL80211_AUTHTYPE_FT;
	else
		goto nla_put_failure;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * Auth Type %d", type);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_AUTH_TYPE, type);

	if (params->wpa_ie && params->wpa_ie_len) {
		enum nl80211_wpa_versions ver;

		if (params->wpa_ie[0] == WLAN_EID_RSN)
			ver = NL80211_WPA_VERSION_2;
		else
			ver = NL80211_WPA_VERSION_1;

		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * WPA Version %d", ver);
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WPA_VERSIONS, ver);
	}

	if (params->pairwise_suite != CIPHER_NONE) {
		int cipher;

		switch (params->pairwise_suite) {
		case CIPHER_WEP40:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP40;
			break;
		case CIPHER_WEP104:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP104;
			break;
		case CIPHER_CCMP:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_CCMP;
			break;
		case CIPHER_TKIP:
		default:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_TKIP;
			break;
		}
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_CIPHER_SUITES_PAIRWISE, cipher);
	}

	if (params->group_suite != CIPHER_NONE) {
		int cipher;

		switch (params->group_suite) {
		case CIPHER_WEP40:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP40;
			break;
		case CIPHER_WEP104:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_WEP104;
			break;
		case CIPHER_CCMP:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_CCMP;
			break;
		case CIPHER_TKIP:
		default:
			cipher = WLAN_CIPHER_SUITE_TKIP;
			break;
		}
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_CIPHER_SUITE_GROUP, cipher);
	}

	if (params->key_mgmt_suite == KEY_MGMT_802_1X ||
	    params->key_mgmt_suite == KEY_MGMT_PSK) {
		int mgmt = WLAN_AKM_SUITE_PSK;

		switch (params->key_mgmt_suite) {
		case KEY_MGMT_802_1X:
			mgmt = WLAN_AKM_SUITE_8021X;
			break;
		case KEY_MGMT_PSK:
		default:
			mgmt = WLAN_AKM_SUITE_PSK;
			break;
		}
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_AKM_SUITES, mgmt);
	}

	ret = nl80211_set_conn_keys(params, msg);
	if (ret)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME connect failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Connect request send successfully");

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;

}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_associate(
	void *priv, struct wpa_driver_associate_params *params)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ret = -1;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	if (params->mode == IEEE80211_MODE_AP)
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_ap(drv, params);

	if (params->mode == IEEE80211_MODE_IBSS)
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_ibss(drv, params);

	if (!(drv->capa.flags & WPA_DRIVER_FLAGS_SME)) {
		if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, params->mode) < 0)
			return -1;
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_connect(drv, params);
	}

	drv->associated = 0;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Associate (ifindex=%d)",
		   drv->ifindex);
	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_ASSOCIATE, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	if (params->bssid) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * bssid=" MACSTR,
			   MAC2STR(params->bssid));
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, params->bssid);
	}
	if (params->freq) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * freq=%d", params->freq);
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, params->freq);
		drv->assoc_freq = params->freq;
	} else
		drv->assoc_freq = 0;
	if (params->ssid) {
		wpa_hexdump_ascii(MSG_DEBUG, "  * SSID",
				  params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_SSID, params->ssid_len,
			params->ssid);
		if (params->ssid_len > sizeof(drv->ssid))
			goto nla_put_failure;
		os_memcpy(drv->ssid, params->ssid, params->ssid_len);
		drv->ssid_len = params->ssid_len;
	}
	wpa_hexdump(MSG_DEBUG, "  * IEs", params->wpa_ie, params->wpa_ie_len);
	if (params->wpa_ie)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IE, params->wpa_ie_len,
			params->wpa_ie);

#ifdef CONFIG_IEEE80211W
	if (params->mgmt_frame_protection == MGMT_FRAME_PROTECTION_REQUIRED)
		NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_USE_MFP, NL80211_MFP_REQUIRED);
#endif /* CONFIG_IEEE80211W */

	NLA_PUT_FLAG(msg, NL80211_ATTR_CONTROL_PORT);

	if (params->prev_bssid) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "  * prev_bssid=" MACSTR,
			   MAC2STR(params->prev_bssid));
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_PREV_BSSID, ETH_ALEN,
			params->prev_bssid);
	}

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: MLME command failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		nl80211_dump_scan(drv);
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	ret = 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Association request send "
		   "successfully");

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int nl80211_set_mode(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			    int ifindex, int mode)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -ENOBUFS;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_INTERFACE, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFTYPE, mode);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (!ret)
		return 0;
nla_put_failure:
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to set interface %d to mode %d:"
		   " %d (%s)", ifindex, mode, ret, strerror(-ret));
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(void *priv, int mode)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ret = -1;
	int nlmode;

	switch (mode) {
	case 0:
		nlmode = NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION;
		break;
	case 1:
		nlmode = NL80211_IFTYPE_ADHOC;
		break;
	case 2:
		nlmode = NL80211_IFTYPE_AP;
		break;
	default:
		return -1;
	}

	if (nl80211_set_mode(drv, drv->ifindex, nlmode) == 0) {
		drv->nlmode = nlmode;
		ret = 0;
		goto done;
	}

	if (nlmode == drv->nlmode) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Interface already in "
			   "requested mode - ignore error");
		ret = 0;
		goto done; /* Already in the requested mode */
	}

	/* mac80211 doesn't allow mode changes while the device is up, so
	 * take the device down, try to set the mode again, and bring the
	 * device back up.
	 */
	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 0) == 0) {
		/* Try to set the mode again while the interface is down */
		ret = nl80211_set_mode(drv, drv->ifindex, nlmode);
		if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 1))
			ret = -1;
	}

	if (!ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Mode change succeeded while "
			   "interface is down");
		drv->nlmode = nlmode;
	}

done:
	if (!ret && nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
		/* Setup additional AP mode functionality if needed */
		if (drv->monitor_ifidx < 0 &&
		    nl80211_create_monitor_interface(drv))
			return -1;
	} else if (!ret && nlmode != NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
		/* Remove additional AP mode functionality */
		nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);
#ifndef HOSTAPD
		drv->beacon_set = 0;
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
	}

	if (ret)
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Interface mode change to %d "
			   "from %d failed", nlmode, drv->nlmode);

	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_get_capa(void *priv,
				       struct wpa_driver_capa *capa)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (!drv->has_capability)
		return -1;
	os_memcpy(capa, &drv->capa, sizeof(*capa));
	return 0;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_operstate(void *priv, int state)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "%s: operstate %d->%d (%s)",
		   __func__, drv->operstate, state, state ? "UP" : "DORMANT");
	drv->operstate = state;
	return netlink_send_oper_ifla(drv->netlink, drv->ifindex, -1,
				      state ? IF_OPER_UP : IF_OPER_DORMANT);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_set_supp_port(void *priv, int authorized)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	struct nl80211_sta_flag_update upd;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX,
		    if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, drv->bssid);

	os_memset(&upd, 0, sizeof(upd));
	upd.mask = BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED);
	if (authorized)
		upd.set = BIT(NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_FLAGS2, sizeof(upd), &upd);

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


#ifdef HOSTAPD

static struct i802_bss * get_bss(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				 int ifindex)
{
	struct i802_bss *bss = &drv->bss;
	while (bss) {
		if (ifindex == bss->ifindex)
			return bss;
		bss = bss->next;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: get_bss(%d) failed", ifindex);
	return NULL;
}


static void add_ifidx(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int ifidx)
{
	int i;
	int *old;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Add own interface ifindex %d",
		   ifidx);
	for (i = 0; i < drv->num_if_indices; i++) {
		if (drv->if_indices[i] == 0) {
			drv->if_indices[i] = ifidx;
			return;
		}
	}

	if (drv->if_indices != drv->default_if_indices)
		old = drv->if_indices;
	else
		old = NULL;

	drv->if_indices = os_realloc(old,
				     sizeof(int) * (drv->num_if_indices + 1));
	if (!drv->if_indices) {
		if (!old)
			drv->if_indices = drv->default_if_indices;
		else
			drv->if_indices = old;
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "Failed to reallocate memory for "
			   "interfaces");
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "Ignoring EAPOL on interface %d", ifidx);
		return;
	}
	drv->if_indices[drv->num_if_indices] = ifidx;
	drv->num_if_indices++;
}


static void del_ifidx(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int ifidx)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < drv->num_if_indices; i++) {
		if (drv->if_indices[i] == ifidx) {
			drv->if_indices[i] = 0;
			break;
		}
	}
}


static int have_ifidx(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv, int ifidx)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < drv->num_if_indices; i++)
		if (drv->if_indices[i] == ifidx)
			return 1;

	return 0;
}


static inline int min_int(int a, int b)
{
	if (a < b)
		return a;
	return b;
}


static int get_key_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));

	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);

	/*
	 * TODO: validate the key index and mac address!
	 * Otherwise, there's a race condition as soon as
	 * the kernel starts sending key notifications.
	 */

	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ])
		memcpy(arg, nla_data(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ]),
		       min_int(nla_len(tb[NL80211_ATTR_KEY_SEQ]), 6));
	return NL_SKIP;
}


static int i802_get_seqnum(const char *iface, void *priv, const u8 *addr,
			   int idx, u8 *seq)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_GET_KEY, 0);

	if (addr)
		NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);
	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_KEY_IDX, idx);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(iface));

	memset(seq, 0, 6);

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, get_key_handler, seq);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int i802_set_rate_sets(void *priv, int *supp_rates, int *basic_rates,
			      int mode)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	u8 rates[NL80211_MAX_SUPP_RATES];
	u8 rates_len = 0;
	int i;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_SET_BSS, 0);

	for (i = 0; i < NL80211_MAX_SUPP_RATES && basic_rates[i] >= 0; i++)
		rates[rates_len++] = basic_rates[i] / 5;

	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BSS_BASIC_RATES, rates_len, rates);

	/* TODO: multi-BSS support */
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


/* Set kernel driver on given frequency (MHz) */
static int i802_set_freq(void *priv, struct hostapd_freq_params *freq)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_set_freq(drv, freq->freq, freq->ht_enabled,
					   freq->sec_channel_offset);
}


static int i802_set_rts(void *priv, int rts)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -ENOBUFS;
	u32 val;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (rts >= 2347)
		val = (u32) -1;
	else
		val = rts;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_WIPHY, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_RTS_THRESHOLD, val);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (!ret)
		return 0;
nla_put_failure:
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to set RTS threshold %d: "
		   "%d (%s)", rts, ret, strerror(-ret));
	return ret;
}


static int i802_set_frag(void *priv, int frag)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret = -ENOBUFS;
	u32 val;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (frag >= 2346)
		val = (u32) -1;
	else
		val = frag;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_WIPHY, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FRAG_THRESHOLD, val);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (!ret)
		return 0;
nla_put_failure:
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to set fragmentation threshold "
		   "%d: %d (%s)", frag, ret, strerror(-ret));
	return ret;
}


static int i802_flush(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_DEL_STATION, 0);

	/*
	 * XXX: FIX! this needs to flush all VLANs too
	 */
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX,
		    if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int get_sta_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct hostap_sta_driver_data *data = arg;
	struct nlattr *stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_MAX + 1];
	static struct nla_policy stats_policy[NL80211_STA_INFO_MAX + 1] = {
		[NL80211_STA_INFO_INACTIVE_TIME] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_BYTES] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_BYTES] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_PACKETS] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
		[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_PACKETS] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
	};

	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);

	/*
	 * TODO: validate the interface and mac address!
	 * Otherwise, there's a race condition as soon as
	 * the kernel starts sending station notifications.
	 */

	if (!tb[NL80211_ATTR_STA_INFO]) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "sta stats missing!");
		return NL_SKIP;
	}
	if (nla_parse_nested(stats, NL80211_STA_INFO_MAX,
			     tb[NL80211_ATTR_STA_INFO],
			     stats_policy)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "failed to parse nested attributes!");
		return NL_SKIP;
	}

	if (stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_INACTIVE_TIME])
		data->inactive_msec =
			nla_get_u32(stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_INACTIVE_TIME]);
	if (stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_BYTES])
		data->rx_bytes = nla_get_u32(stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_BYTES]);
	if (stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_BYTES])
		data->tx_bytes = nla_get_u32(stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_BYTES]);
	if (stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_PACKETS])
		data->rx_packets =
			nla_get_u32(stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_RX_PACKETS]);
	if (stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_PACKETS])
		data->tx_packets =
			nla_get_u32(stats[NL80211_STA_INFO_TX_PACKETS]);

	return NL_SKIP;
}

static int i802_read_sta_data(void *priv, struct hostap_sta_driver_data *data,
			      const u8 *addr)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	os_memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_GET_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, get_sta_handler, data);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int i802_set_tx_queue_params(void *priv, int queue, int aifs,
				    int cw_min, int cw_max, int burst_time)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	struct nlattr *txq, *params;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_WIPHY, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));

	txq = nla_nest_start(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_TXQ_PARAMS);
	if (!txq)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	/* We are only sending parameters for a single TXQ at a time */
	params = nla_nest_start(msg, 1);
	if (!params)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_TXQ_ATTR_QUEUE, queue);
	/* Burst time is configured in units of 0.1 msec and TXOP parameter in
	 * 32 usec, so need to convert the value here. */
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_TXQ_ATTR_TXOP, (burst_time * 100 + 16) / 32);
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_TXQ_ATTR_CWMIN, cw_min);
	NLA_PUT_U16(msg, NL80211_TXQ_ATTR_CWMAX, cw_max);
	NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_TXQ_ATTR_AIFS, aifs);

	nla_nest_end(msg, params);

	nla_nest_end(msg, txq);

	if (send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL) == 0)
		return 0;
 nla_put_failure:
	return -1;
}


static int i802_set_bss(void *priv, int cts, int preamble, int slot)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_SET_BSS, 0);

	if (cts >= 0)
		NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BSS_CTS_PROT, cts);
	if (preamble >= 0)
		NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BSS_SHORT_PREAMBLE, preamble);
	if (slot >= 0)
		NLA_PUT_U8(msg, NL80211_ATTR_BSS_SHORT_SLOT_TIME, slot);

	/* TODO: multi-BSS support */
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int i802_set_cts_protect(void *priv, int value)
{
	return i802_set_bss(priv, value, -1, -1);
}


static int i802_set_preamble(void *priv, int value)
{
	return i802_set_bss(priv, -1, value, -1);
}


static int i802_set_short_slot_time(void *priv, int value)
{
	return i802_set_bss(priv, -1, -1, value);
}


static int i802_set_sta_vlan(void *priv, const u8 *addr,
			     const char *ifname, int vlan_id)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -ENOMEM;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0,
		    0, NL80211_CMD_SET_STATION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX,
		    if_nametoindex(drv->ifname));
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_MAC, ETH_ALEN, addr);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_STA_VLAN,
		    if_nametoindex(ifname));

	return send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
 nla_put_failure:
	return -ENOBUFS;
}


static int i802_set_wds_sta(void *priv, const u8 *addr, int aid, int val)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	char name[IFNAMSIZ + 1];

	os_snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s.sta%d", drv->ifname, aid);
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Set WDS STA addr=" MACSTR
		   " aid=%d val=%d name=%s", MAC2STR(addr), aid, val, name);
	if (val) {
		if (nl80211_create_iface(priv, name, NL80211_IFTYPE_AP_VLAN,
					 NULL, 1) < 0)
			return -1;
		linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, name, 1);
		return i802_set_sta_vlan(priv, addr, name, 0);
	} else {
		i802_set_sta_vlan(priv, addr, drv->ifname, 0);
		return wpa_driver_nl80211_if_remove(priv, WPA_IF_AP_VLAN,
						    name);
	}
}


static void handle_eapol(int sock, void *eloop_ctx, void *sock_ctx)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = eloop_ctx;
	struct sockaddr_ll lladdr;
	unsigned char buf[3000];
	int len;
	socklen_t fromlen = sizeof(lladdr);

	len = recvfrom(sock, buf, sizeof(buf), 0,
		       (struct sockaddr *)&lladdr, &fromlen);
	if (len < 0) {
		perror("recv");
		return;
	}

	if (have_ifidx(drv, lladdr.sll_ifindex))
		drv_event_eapol_rx(drv->ctx, lladdr.sll_addr, buf, len);
}


static int i802_get_inact_sec(void *priv, const u8 *addr)
{
	struct hostap_sta_driver_data data;
	int ret;

	data.inactive_msec = (unsigned long) -1;
	ret = i802_read_sta_data(priv, &data, addr);
	if (ret || data.inactive_msec == (unsigned long) -1)
		return -1;
	return data.inactive_msec / 1000;
}


static int i802_sta_clear_stats(void *priv, const u8 *addr)
{
#if 0
	/* TODO */
#endif
	return 0;
}


static int i802_sta_deauth(void *priv, const u8 *own_addr, const u8 *addr,
			   int reason)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt mgmt;

	memset(&mgmt, 0, sizeof(mgmt));
	mgmt.frame_control = IEEE80211_FC(WLAN_FC_TYPE_MGMT,
					  WLAN_FC_STYPE_DEAUTH);
	memcpy(mgmt.da, addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt.sa, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt.bssid, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	mgmt.u.deauth.reason_code = host_to_le16(reason);
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_send_mlme(drv, (u8 *) &mgmt,
					    IEEE80211_HDRLEN +
					    sizeof(mgmt.u.deauth));
}


static int i802_sta_disassoc(void *priv, const u8 *own_addr, const u8 *addr,
			     int reason)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt mgmt;

	memset(&mgmt, 0, sizeof(mgmt));
	mgmt.frame_control = IEEE80211_FC(WLAN_FC_TYPE_MGMT,
					  WLAN_FC_STYPE_DISASSOC);
	memcpy(mgmt.da, addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt.sa, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt.bssid, own_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	mgmt.u.disassoc.reason_code = host_to_le16(reason);
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_send_mlme(drv, (u8 *) &mgmt,
					    IEEE80211_HDRLEN +
					    sizeof(mgmt.u.disassoc));
}


static int i802_check_bridge(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
			     const char *brname, const char *ifname)
{
	int ifindex;
	char in_br[IFNAMSIZ];

	os_strlcpy(drv->brname, brname, IFNAMSIZ);
	ifindex = if_nametoindex(brname);
	if (ifindex == 0) {
		/*
		 * Bridge was configured, but the bridge device does
		 * not exist. Try to add it now.
		 */
		if (linux_br_add(drv->ioctl_sock, brname) < 0) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to add the "
				   "bridge interface %s: %s",
				   brname, strerror(errno));
			return -1;
		}
		drv->added_bridge = 1;
		add_ifidx(drv, if_nametoindex(brname));
	}

	if (linux_br_get(in_br, ifname) == 0) {
		if (os_strcmp(in_br, brname) == 0)
			return 0; /* already in the bridge */

		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Removing interface %s from "
			   "bridge %s", ifname, in_br);
		if (linux_br_del_if(drv->ioctl_sock, in_br, ifname) < 0) {
			wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to "
				   "remove interface %s from bridge "
				   "%s: %s",
				   ifname, brname, strerror(errno));
			return -1;
		}
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Adding interface %s into bridge %s",
		   ifname, brname);
	if (linux_br_add_if(drv->ioctl_sock, brname, ifname) < 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to add interface %s "
			   "into bridge %s: %s",
			   ifname, brname, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}
	drv->added_if_into_bridge = 1;

	return 0;
}


static void *i802_init(struct hostapd_data *hapd,
		       struct wpa_init_params *params)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv;
	size_t i;
	char brname[IFNAMSIZ];
	int ifindex, br_ifindex;
	int br_added = 0;

	drv = wpa_driver_nl80211_init(hapd, params->ifname);
	if (drv == NULL)
		return NULL;

	drv->bss.ifindex = drv->ifindex;

	if (linux_br_get(brname, params->ifname) == 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Interface %s is in bridge %s",
			   params->ifname, brname);
		br_ifindex = if_nametoindex(brname);
	} else {
		brname[0] = '\0';
		br_ifindex = 0;
	}

	drv->num_if_indices = sizeof(drv->default_if_indices) / sizeof(int);
	drv->if_indices = drv->default_if_indices;
	for (i = 0; i < params->num_bridge; i++) {
		if (params->bridge[i]) {
			ifindex = if_nametoindex(params->bridge[i]);
			if (ifindex)
				add_ifidx(drv, ifindex);
			if (ifindex == br_ifindex)
				br_added = 1;
		}
	}
	if (!br_added && br_ifindex &&
	    (params->num_bridge == 0 || !params->bridge[0]))
		add_ifidx(drv, br_ifindex);

	/* start listening for EAPOL on the default AP interface */
	add_ifidx(drv, drv->ifindex);

	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 0))
		goto failed;

	if (params->bssid) {
		if (linux_set_ifhwaddr(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname,
				       params->bssid))
			goto failed;
	}

	if (wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_AP)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_ERROR, "nl80211: Failed to set interface %s "
			   "into AP mode", drv->ifname);
		goto failed;
	}

	if (params->num_bridge && params->bridge[0] &&
	    i802_check_bridge(drv, params->bridge[0], params->ifname) < 0)
		goto failed;

	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 1))
		goto failed;

	drv->eapol_sock = socket(PF_PACKET, SOCK_DGRAM, htons(ETH_P_PAE));
	if (drv->eapol_sock < 0) {
		perror("socket(PF_PACKET, SOCK_DGRAM, ETH_P_PAE)");
		goto failed;
	}

	if (eloop_register_read_sock(drv->eapol_sock, handle_eapol, drv, NULL))
	{
		printf("Could not register read socket for eapol\n");
		goto failed;
	}

	if (linux_get_ifhwaddr(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, params->own_addr))
		goto failed;

	return drv;

failed:
	nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);
	if (drv->ioctl_sock >= 0)
		close(drv->ioctl_sock);

	genl_family_put(drv->nl80211);
	nl_cache_free(drv->nl_cache);
	nl_handle_destroy(drv->nl_handle);
	nl_cb_put(drv->nl_cb);

	os_free(drv);
	return NULL;
}


static void i802_deinit(void *priv)
{
	wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit(priv);
}

#endif /* HOSTAPD */


static enum nl80211_iftype wpa_driver_nl80211_if_type(
	enum wpa_driver_if_type type)
{
	switch (type) {
	case WPA_IF_STATION:
		return NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION;
	case WPA_IF_AP_VLAN:
		return NL80211_IFTYPE_AP_VLAN;
	case WPA_IF_AP_BSS:
		return NL80211_IFTYPE_AP;
	}
	return -1;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_if_add(const char *iface, void *priv,
				     enum wpa_driver_if_type type,
				     const char *ifname, const u8 *addr,
				     void *bss_ctx)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ifidx;
#ifdef HOSTAPD
	struct i802_bss *bss = NULL;

	if (type == WPA_IF_AP_BSS) {
		bss = os_zalloc(sizeof(*bss));
		if (bss == NULL)
			return -1;
	}
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	ifidx = nl80211_create_iface(drv, ifname,
				     wpa_driver_nl80211_if_type(type), addr,
				     0);
	if (ifidx < 0) {
#ifdef HOSTAPD
		os_free(bss);
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
		return -1;
	}

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	if (type == WPA_IF_AP_BSS) {
		if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, ifname, 1)) {
			nl80211_remove_iface(drv, ifidx);
			os_free(bss);
			return -1;
		}
		bss->ifindex = ifidx;
		bss->next = drv->bss.next;
		drv->bss.next = bss;
	}
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	return 0;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_if_remove(void *priv,
					enum wpa_driver_if_type type,
					const char *ifname)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ifindex = if_nametoindex(ifname);

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: %s(type=%d ifname=%s) ifindex=%d",
		   __func__, type, ifname, ifindex);
	if (ifindex <= 0)
		return -1;
	nl80211_remove_iface(drv, ifindex);

#ifdef HOSTAPD
	if (type == WPA_IF_AP_BSS) {
		struct i802_bss *bss, *prev;
		prev = &drv->bss;
		bss = drv->bss.next;
		while (bss) {
			if (ifindex == bss->ifindex) {
				prev->next = bss->next;
				os_free(bss);
				break;
			}
			prev = bss;
			bss = bss->next;
		}
	}
#endif /* HOSTAPD */

	return 0;
}


static int cookie_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[NL80211_ATTR_MAX + 1];
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	u64 *cookie = arg;
	nla_parse(tb, NL80211_ATTR_MAX, genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0),
		  genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, 0), NULL);
	if (tb[NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE])
		*cookie = nla_get_u64(tb[NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE]);
	return NL_SKIP;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_send_action(void *priv, unsigned int freq,
					  const u8 *dst, const u8 *src,
					  const u8 *bssid,
					  const u8 *data, size_t data_len)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	int ret = -1;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	u8 *buf;
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr;
	u64 cookie;

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Send Action frame (ifindex=%d)",
		   drv->ifindex);

	buf = os_zalloc(24 + data_len);
	if (buf == NULL)
		return ret;
	os_memcpy(buf + 24, data, data_len);
	hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) buf;
	hdr->frame_control =
		IEEE80211_FC(WLAN_FC_TYPE_MGMT, WLAN_FC_STYPE_ACTION);
	os_memcpy(hdr->addr1, dst, ETH_ALEN);
	os_memcpy(hdr->addr2, src, ETH_ALEN);
	os_memcpy(hdr->addr3, bssid, ETH_ALEN);

	if (drv->nlmode == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
		ret = wpa_driver_nl80211_send_mlme(priv, buf, 24 + data_len);
		os_free(buf);
		return ret;
	}

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_ACTION, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, freq);
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_ATTR_FRAME, 24 + data_len, buf);
	os_free(buf);

	cookie = 0;
	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, cookie_handler, &cookie);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Action command failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
		goto nla_put_failure;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Action TX command accepted; "
		   "cookie 0x%llx", (long long unsigned int) cookie);
	drv->send_action_cookie = cookie;
	drv->pending_send_action = 1;
	ret = 0;

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return ret;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_remain_on_channel(void *priv, unsigned int freq,
						unsigned int duration)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret;
	u64 cookie;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_FREQ, freq);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_DURATION, duration);

	cookie = 0;
	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, cookie_handler, &cookie);
	if (ret == 0) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Remain-on-channel cookie "
			   "0x%llx for freq=%u MHz duration=%u",
			   (long long unsigned int) cookie, freq, duration);
		drv->remain_on_chan_cookie = cookie;
		return 0;
	}
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to request remain-on-channel "
		   "(freq=%d): %d (%s)", freq, ret, strerror(-ret));
nla_put_failure:
	return -1;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_cancel_remain_on_channel(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	int ret;

	if (!drv->pending_remain_on_chan) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: No pending remain-on-channel "
			   "to cancel");
		return -1;
	}

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Cancel remain-on-channel with cookie "
		   "0x%llx",
		   (long long unsigned int) drv->remain_on_chan_cookie);

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_CANCEL_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL, 0);

	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, drv->ifindex);
	NLA_PUT_U64(msg, NL80211_ATTR_COOKIE, drv->remain_on_chan_cookie);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	if (ret == 0)
		return 0;
	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to cancel remain-on-channel: "
		   "%d (%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
nla_put_failure:
	return -1;
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report_timeout(void *eloop_ctx,
							void *timeout_ctx)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = eloop_ctx;
	if (drv->monitor_ifidx < 0)
		return; /* monitor interface already removed */

	if (drv->nlmode != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION)
		return; /* not in station mode anymore */

	if (drv->probe_req_report)
		return; /* reporting enabled */

	wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Remove monitor interface due to no "
		   "Probe Request reporting needed anymore");
	nl80211_remove_monitor_interface(drv);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report(void *priv, int report)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;

	if (drv->nlmode != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: probe_req_report control only "
			   "allowed in station mode (iftype=%d)",
			   drv->nlmode);
		return -1;
	}
	drv->probe_req_report = report;

	if (report) {
		eloop_cancel_timeout(
			wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report_timeout,
			drv, NULL);
		if (drv->monitor_ifidx < 0 &&
		    nl80211_create_monitor_interface(drv))
			return -1;
	} else {
		/*
		 * It takes a while to remove the monitor interface, so try to
		 * avoid doing this if it is needed again shortly. Instead,
		 * schedule the interface to be removed later if no need for it
		 * is seen.
		 */
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Scheduling monitor interface "
			   "to be removed after 10 seconds of no use");
		eloop_register_timeout(
			10, 0, wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report_timeout,
			drv, NULL);
	}

	return 0;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_alloc_interface_addr(void *priv, u8 *addr,
						   char *ifname)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;

	if (ifname)
		ifname[0] = '\0';

	if (linux_get_ifhwaddr(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, addr) < 0)
		return -1;

	if (addr[0] & 0x02) {
		/* TODO: add support for generating multiple addresses */
		addr[0] ^= 0x80;
	} else
		addr[0] = 0x02; /* locally administered */

	return 0;
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_release_interface_addr(void *priv,
						      const u8 *addr)
{
	/* TODO: keep list of allocated address and release them here */
}


static int nl80211_disable_11b_rates(struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv,
				     int ifindex, int disabled)
{
	struct nl_msg *msg;
	struct nlattr *bands, *band;
	int ret;

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg)
		return -1;

	genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, genl_family_get_id(drv->nl80211), 0, 0,
		    NL80211_CMD_SET_TX_BITRATE_MASK, 0);
	NLA_PUT_U32(msg, NL80211_ATTR_IFINDEX, ifindex);

	bands = nla_nest_start(msg, NL80211_ATTR_TX_RATES);
	if (!bands)
		goto nla_put_failure;

	/*
	 * Disable 2 GHz rates 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps by masking out everything
	 * else apart from 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbps from non-MCS
	 * rates. All 5 GHz rates are left enabled.
	 */
	band = nla_nest_start(msg, NL80211_BAND_2GHZ);
	if (!band)
		goto nla_put_failure;
	NLA_PUT(msg, NL80211_TXRATE_LEGACY, 8,
		"\x0c\x12\x18\x24\x30\x48\x60\x6c");
	nla_nest_end(msg, band);

	nla_nest_end(msg, bands);

	ret = send_and_recv_msgs(drv, msg, NULL, NULL);
	msg = NULL;
	if (ret) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Set TX rates failed: ret=%d "
			   "(%s)", ret, strerror(-ret));
	}

	return ret;

nla_put_failure:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
	return -1;
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_disable_11b_rates(void *priv, int disabled)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	drv->disable_11b_rates = disabled;
	return nl80211_disable_11b_rates(drv, drv->ifindex, disabled);
}


static int wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit_ap(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (drv->nlmode != NL80211_IFTYPE_AP)
		return -1;
	wpa_driver_nl80211_del_beacon(drv);
	return wpa_driver_nl80211_set_mode(drv, IEEE80211_MODE_INFRA);
}


static void wpa_driver_nl80211_resume(void *priv)
{
	struct wpa_driver_nl80211_data *drv = priv;
	if (linux_set_iface_flags(drv->ioctl_sock, drv->ifname, 1)) {
		wpa_printf(MSG_DEBUG, "nl80211: Failed to set interface up on "
			   "resume event");
	}
}


const struct wpa_driver_ops wpa_driver_nl80211_ops = {
	.name = "nl80211",
	.desc = "Linux nl80211/cfg80211",
	.get_bssid = wpa_driver_nl80211_get_bssid,
	.get_ssid = wpa_driver_nl80211_get_ssid,
	.set_key = wpa_driver_nl80211_set_key,
	.scan2 = wpa_driver_nl80211_scan,
	.get_scan_results2 = wpa_driver_nl80211_get_scan_results,
	.deauthenticate = wpa_driver_nl80211_deauthenticate,
	.disassociate = wpa_driver_nl80211_disassociate,
	.authenticate = wpa_driver_nl80211_authenticate,
	.associate = wpa_driver_nl80211_associate,
	.init = wpa_driver_nl80211_init,
	.deinit = wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit,
	.get_capa = wpa_driver_nl80211_get_capa,
	.set_operstate = wpa_driver_nl80211_set_operstate,
	.set_supp_port = wpa_driver_nl80211_set_supp_port,
	.set_country = wpa_driver_nl80211_set_country,
	.set_beacon = wpa_driver_nl80211_set_beacon,
	.if_add = wpa_driver_nl80211_if_add,
	.if_remove = wpa_driver_nl80211_if_remove,
	.send_mlme = wpa_driver_nl80211_send_mlme,
	.get_hw_feature_data = wpa_driver_nl80211_get_hw_feature_data,
	.sta_add = wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_add,
	.sta_remove = wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_remove,
	.hapd_send_eapol = wpa_driver_nl80211_hapd_send_eapol,
	.sta_set_flags = wpa_driver_nl80211_sta_set_flags,
#ifdef HOSTAPD
	.hapd_init = i802_init,
	.hapd_deinit = i802_deinit,
	.get_seqnum = i802_get_seqnum,
	.flush = i802_flush,
	.read_sta_data = i802_read_sta_data,
	.sta_deauth = i802_sta_deauth,
	.sta_disassoc = i802_sta_disassoc,
	.get_inact_sec = i802_get_inact_sec,
	.sta_clear_stats = i802_sta_clear_stats,
	.set_freq = i802_set_freq,
	.set_rts = i802_set_rts,
	.set_frag = i802_set_frag,
	.set_rate_sets = i802_set_rate_sets,
	.set_cts_protect = i802_set_cts_protect,
	.set_preamble = i802_set_preamble,
	.set_short_slot_time = i802_set_short_slot_time,
	.set_tx_queue_params = i802_set_tx_queue_params,
	.set_sta_vlan = i802_set_sta_vlan,
	.set_wds_sta = i802_set_wds_sta,
#endif /* HOSTAPD */
	.send_action = wpa_driver_nl80211_send_action,
	.remain_on_channel = wpa_driver_nl80211_remain_on_channel,
	.cancel_remain_on_channel =
	wpa_driver_nl80211_cancel_remain_on_channel,
	.probe_req_report = wpa_driver_nl80211_probe_req_report,
	.alloc_interface_addr = wpa_driver_nl80211_alloc_interface_addr,
	.release_interface_addr = wpa_driver_nl80211_release_interface_addr,
	.disable_11b_rates = wpa_driver_nl80211_disable_11b_rates,
	.deinit_ap = wpa_driver_nl80211_deinit_ap,
	.resume = wpa_driver_nl80211_resume,
};