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authorJouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>2012-06-28 18:28:49 (GMT)
committerJouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>2012-06-28 18:28:49 (GMT)
commit51ca03f470c72f618c75eb06147da5e52a1319a9 (patch)
treeb6f8c60058e446851ffc899d4b7bbc36514a0d7b
parentbfc62fe1331da4eca6dec70133c5d4cd1d6bc958 (diff)
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WPS: Document NFC use cases with password/config token
Signed-hostap: Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
-rw-r--r--hostapd/README-WPS49
-rw-r--r--hostapd/defconfig2
-rw-r--r--hostapd/hostapd.conf12
-rw-r--r--wpa_supplicant/README-WPS42
-rw-r--r--wpa_supplicant/defconfig2
-rw-r--r--wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf12
6 files changed, 119 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/hostapd/README-WPS b/hostapd/README-WPS
index 17988d4..87a6f91 100644
--- a/hostapd/README-WPS
+++ b/hostapd/README-WPS
@@ -66,6 +66,10 @@ CONFIG_WPS=y
CONFIG_WPS2=y
CONFIG_WPS_UPNP=y
+Following parameter can be used to enable support for NFC config method:
+
+CONFIG_WPS_NFC=y
+
Following section shows an example runtime configuration
(hostapd.conf) that enables WPS:
@@ -289,3 +293,48 @@ For example:
This can be used to update the externally stored AP configuration and
then update hostapd configuration (followed by restarting of hostapd).
+
+
+WPS with NFC
+------------
+
+WPS can be used with NFC-based configuration method. An NFC tag
+containing a password token from the Enrollee can be used to
+authenticate the connection instead of the PIN. In addition, an NFC tag
+with a configuration token can be used to transfer AP settings without
+going through the WPS protocol.
+
+When the AP acts as an Enrollee, a local NFC tag with a password token
+can be used by touching the NFC interface of an external Registrar. The
+wps_nfc_token command is used to manage use of the NFC password token
+from the AP. "wps_nfc_token enable" enables the use of the AP's NFC
+password token (in place of AP PIN) and "wps_nfc_token disable" disables
+the NFC password token.
+
+The NFC password token that is either pre-configured in the
+configuration file (wps_nfc_dev_pw_id, wps_nfc_dh_pubkey,
+wps_nfc_dh_privkey, wps_nfc_dev_pw) or generated dynamically with
+"wps_nfc_token <WPS|NDEF>" command. The nfc_pw_token tool from
+wpa_supplicant can be used to generate NFC password tokens during
+manufacturing (each AP needs to have its own random keys).
+
+The "wps_nfc_config_token <WPS/NDEF>" command can be used to build an
+NFC configuration token. The output value from this command is a hexdump
+of the current AP configuration (WPS parameter requests this to include
+only the WPS attributes; NDEF parameter requests additional NDEF
+encapsulation to be included). This data needs to be written to an NFC
+tag with an external program. Once written, the NFC configuration token
+can be used to touch an NFC interface on a station to provision the
+credentials needed to access the network.
+
+When the NFC device on the AP reads an NFC tag with a MIME media type
+"application/vnd.wfa.wsc", the NDEF message payload (with or without
+NDEF encapsulation) can be delivered to hostapd using the
+following hostapd_cli command:
+
+wps_nfc_tag_read <hexdump of payload>
+
+If the NFC tag contains a password token, the token is added to the
+internal Registrar. This allows station Enrollee from which the password
+token was received to run through WPS protocol to provision the
+credential.
diff --git a/hostapd/defconfig b/hostapd/defconfig
index dea296c..e5c9ac6 100644
--- a/hostapd/defconfig
+++ b/hostapd/defconfig
@@ -108,6 +108,8 @@ CONFIG_EAP_TTLS=y
#CONFIG_WPS2=y
# Enable UPnP support for external WPS Registrars
#CONFIG_WPS_UPNP=y
+# Enable WPS support with NFC config method
+#CONFIG_WPS_NFC=y
# EAP-IKEv2
#CONFIG_EAP_IKEV2=y
diff --git a/hostapd/hostapd.conf b/hostapd/hostapd.conf
index a7b8ba6..795b82e 100644
--- a/hostapd/hostapd.conf
+++ b/hostapd/hostapd.conf
@@ -1088,6 +1088,18 @@ own_ip_addr=127.0.0.1
# set to ag to allow both RF bands to be advertized.
#wps_rf_bands=ag
+# NFC password token for WPS
+# These parameters can be used to configure a fixed NFC password token for the
+# AP. This can be generated, e.g., with nfc_pw_token from wpa_supplicant. When
+# these parameters are used, the AP is assumed to be deployed with a NFC tag
+# that includes the matching NFC password token (e.g., written based on the
+# NDEF record from nfc_pw_token).
+#
+#wps_nfc_dev_pw_id: Device Password ID (16..65535)
+#wps_nfc_dh_pubkey: Hexdump of DH Public Key
+#wps_nfc_dh_privkey: Hexdump of DH Private Key
+#wps_nfc_dev_pw: Hexdump of Device Password
+
##### Wi-Fi Direct (P2P) ######################################################
# Enable P2P Device management
diff --git a/wpa_supplicant/README-WPS b/wpa_supplicant/README-WPS
index bf75cb4..692d5f5 100644
--- a/wpa_supplicant/README-WPS
+++ b/wpa_supplicant/README-WPS
@@ -67,6 +67,10 @@ will also need to add following line:
CONFIG_WPS_ER=y
+Following parameter can be used to enable support for NFC config method:
+
+CONFIG_WPS_NFC=y
+
WPS needs the Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID; see RFC 4122) for
the device. This is configured in the runtime configuration for
@@ -303,3 +307,41 @@ WPS-ER-AP-SETTINGS
- WPS ER learned AP settings
WPS-ER-AP-SETTINGS uuid=fd91b4ec-e3fa-5891-a57d-8c59efeed1d2 ssid=test-wps auth_type=0x0020 encr_type=0x0008 key=12345678
+
+
+WPS with NFC
+------------
+
+WPS can be used with NFC-based configuration method. An NFC tag
+containing a password token from the Enrollee can be used to
+authenticate the connection instead of the PIN. In addition, an NFC tag
+with a configuration token can be used to transfer AP settings without
+going through the WPS protocol.
+
+When the station acts as an Enrollee, a local NFC tag with a password
+token can be used by touching the NFC interface of a Registrar.
+
+"wps_nfc [BSSID]" command starts WPS protocol run with the local end as
+the Enrollee using the NFC password token that is either pre-configured
+in the configuration file (wps_nfc_dev_pw_id, wps_nfc_dh_pubkey,
+wps_nfc_dh_privkey, wps_nfc_dev_pw) or generated dynamically with
+"wps_nfc_token <WPS|NDEF>" command. The included nfc_pw_token tool
+(build with "make nfc_pw_token") can be used to generate NFC password
+tokens during manufacturing (each station needs to have its own random
+keys).
+
+If the station includes NFC interface and reads an NFC tag with a MIME
+media type "application/vnd.wfa.wsc", the NDEF message payload (with or
+without NDEF encapsulation) can be delivered to wpa_supplicant using the
+following wpa_cli command:
+
+wps_nfc_tag_read <hexdump of payload>
+
+If the NFC tag contains a configuration token, the network is added to
+wpa_supplicant configuration. If the NFC tag contains a password token,
+the token is added to the WPS Registrar component. This information can
+then be used with wps_reg command (when the NFC password token was from
+an AP) using a special value "nfc-pw" in place of the PIN parameter. If
+the ER functionality has been started (wps_er_start), the NFC password
+token is used to enable enrollment of a new station (that was the source
+of the NFC password token).
diff --git a/wpa_supplicant/defconfig b/wpa_supplicant/defconfig
index 392d8a8..849f244 100644
--- a/wpa_supplicant/defconfig
+++ b/wpa_supplicant/defconfig
@@ -204,6 +204,8 @@ CONFIG_EAP_LEAP=y
# Disable credentials for an open network by default when acting as a WPS
# registrar.
#CONFIG_WPS_REG_DISABLE_OPEN=y
+# Enable WPS support with NFC config method
+#CONFIG_WPS_NFC=y
# EAP-IKEv2
#CONFIG_EAP_IKEV2=y
diff --git a/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf b/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
index ccde844..b3cacab 100644
--- a/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
+++ b/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
@@ -218,6 +218,18 @@ fast_reauth=1
# The vendor attribute contents to be added in M1 (hex string)
#wps_vendor_ext_m1=000137100100020001
+# NFC password token for WPS
+# These parameters can be used to configure a fixed NFC password token for the
+# station. This can be generated, e.g., with nfc_pw_token. When these
+# parameters are used, the station is assumed to be deployed with a NFC tag
+# that includes the matching NFC password token (e.g., written based on the
+# NDEF record from nfc_pw_token).
+#
+#wps_nfc_dev_pw_id: Device Password ID (16..65535)
+#wps_nfc_dh_pubkey: Hexdump of DH Public Key
+#wps_nfc_dh_privkey: Hexdump of DH Private Key
+#wps_nfc_dev_pw: Hexdump of Device Password
+
# Maximum number of BSS entries to keep in memory
# Default: 200
# This can be used to limit memory use on the BSS entries (cached scan